Tag Archives: belt

China OEM High Speed Stack Timing Belt Drive Type 4 Color Adhesive Tape Flexo Printing Machine (CE) with high quality

Product Description

Main Parameter

items describe
Maximum paper width 1050mm
Maximum printing width 1000mm
Registration Precision 0.1mm
Printing repeat 300-600mm
Maximum unwinding dia 1500mm
Maximum rewinding dia 1500mm
Unwinding type Air shaft
Rewinding type Surface tension
Gear format 5mm per tooth
The speed 150-200m/min
The thickness of plate 2.28mm
The thickness of tape 0.38mm
Suitable materials Paper cup, paper box etc
The color of machine Grey and white
Operation language Chinese
Air comsuption 6KG, 0.6L/Min clear,dry,no water/oil AIR
Voltage required 380 VAC +/-10%   3PH  50HZ
Dry type Electric heating,Heating power27KW
Total power 102kw
Dimension 7600*2700*3400mm


Samples reference


ISO &CE certification

Win-win cooperation with clients

Container loading



Q: What types of machines do you have? How long has your factory been in this field?
We have more than 10 years of experience in manufacturing Roll Die Cutting Machine, Roll Die Punching Machine, Carton Erecting Machine, Paper Box Forming Machine, Paper Cake Box Machine, Flexo Printing Machine, Cartoning Machine working with listed packaging companies for KFC, Mcdonald’s, Subway, Starbucks.

Q: Where is the factory located?
We are located in Xihu (West Lake) Dis. Town, Xihu (West Lake) Dis.. It takes 10 minutes by car from HangZhou Train Station and 1 hour from HangZhou International Airport.

Q: What Is the machine delivery time? What is the packing way for delivery?
Generally speaking, the CI flexo printing machine could be shipped out within 60-90 days after confirming everything. And it will be packed by flexible packaging with an iron underframe.

Q: How about the machine guarantee?
During 1 year, for any parts damaged caused by the machine-self, the seller will repair/replace the spare parts for free, but the buyer should pay the freight. After 1 year, the seller will supply the spare parts to buyers at the cost. The machine service is all around the machine life.

 QHow about after-sales?
Based on our strong after-sales team and rich experience, we can resolve most of the problems online by video call, messages, and e-mail.

Q: Does Feida accept customized machines?
Yes, we could design the machine based on the customer’s requirements.

Q: What is Feida’s working time?
24 hours online,  but we will reply to messages from 7:30 am to 00:00 per day.

Stiffness and Torsional Vibration of Spline-Couplings

In this paper, we describe some basic characteristics of spline-coupling and examine its torsional vibration behavior. We also explore the effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling. These results will assist in the design of improved spline-coupling systems for various applications. The results are presented in Table 1.

Stiffness of spline-coupling

The stiffness of a spline-coupling is a function of the meshing force between the splines in a rotor-spline coupling system and the static vibration displacement. The meshing force depends on the coupling parameters such as the transmitting torque and the spline thickness. It increases nonlinearly with the spline thickness.
A simplified spline-coupling model can be used to evaluate the load distribution of splines under vibration and transient loads. The axle spline sleeve is displaced a z-direction and a resistance moment T is applied to the outer face of the sleeve. This simple model can satisfy a wide range of engineering requirements but may suffer from complex loading conditions. Its asymmetric clearance may affect its engagement behavior and stress distribution patterns.
The results of the simulations show that the maximum vibration acceleration in both Figures 10 and 22 was 3.03 g/s. This results indicate that a misalignment in the circumferential direction increases the instantaneous impact. Asymmetry in the coupling geometry is also found in the meshing. The right-side spline’s teeth mesh tightly while those on the left side are misaligned.
Considering the spline-coupling geometry, a semi-analytical model is used to compute stiffness. This model is a simplified form of a classical spline-coupling model, with submatrices defining the shape and stiffness of the joint. As the design clearance is a known value, the stiffness of a spline-coupling system can be analyzed using the same formula.
The results of the simulations also show that the spline-coupling system can be modeled using MASTA, a high-level commercial CAE tool for transmission analysis. In this case, the spline segments were modeled as a series of spline segments with variable stiffness, which was calculated based on the initial gap between spline teeth. Then, the spline segments were modelled as a series of splines of increasing stiffness, accounting for different manufacturing variations. The resulting analysis of the spline-coupling geometry is compared to those of the finite-element approach.
Despite the high stiffness of a spline-coupling system, the contact status of the contact surfaces often changes. In addition, spline coupling affects the lateral vibration and deformation of the rotor. However, stiffness nonlinearity is not well studied in splined rotors because of the lack of a fully analytical model.

Characteristics of spline-coupling

The study of spline-coupling involves a number of design factors. These include weight, materials, and performance requirements. Weight is particularly important in the aeronautics field. Weight is often an issue for design engineers because materials have varying dimensional stability, weight, and durability. Additionally, space constraints and other configuration restrictions may require the use of spline-couplings in certain applications.
The main parameters to consider for any spline-coupling design are the maximum principal stress, the maldistribution factor, and the maximum tooth-bearing stress. The magnitude of each of these parameters must be smaller than or equal to the external spline diameter, in order to provide stability. The outer diameter of the spline must be at least 4 inches larger than the inner diameter of the spline.
Once the physical design is validated, the spline coupling knowledge base is created. This model is pre-programmed and stores the design parameter signals, including performance and manufacturing constraints. It then compares the parameter values to the design rule signals, and constructs a geometric representation of the spline coupling. A visual model is created from the input signals, and can be manipulated by changing different parameters and specifications.
The stiffness of a spline joint is another important parameter for determining the spline-coupling stiffness. The stiffness distribution of the spline joint affects the rotor’s lateral vibration and deformation. A finite element method is a useful technique for obtaining lateral stiffness of spline joints. This method involves many mesh refinements and requires a high computational cost.
The diameter of the spline-coupling must be large enough to transmit the torque. A spline with a larger diameter may have greater torque-transmitting capacity because it has a smaller circumference. However, the larger diameter of a spline is thinner than the shaft, and the latter may be more suitable if the torque is spread over a greater number of teeth.
Spline-couplings are classified according to their tooth profile along the axial and radial directions. The radial and axial tooth profiles affect the component’s behavior and wear damage. Splines with a crowned tooth profile are prone to angular misalignment. Typically, these spline-couplings are oversized to ensure durability and safety.

Stiffness of spline-coupling in torsional vibration analysis

This article presents a general framework for the study of torsional vibration caused by the stiffness of spline-couplings in aero-engines. It is based on a previous study on spline-couplings. It is characterized by the following 3 factors: bending stiffness, total flexibility, and tangential stiffness. The first criterion is the equivalent diameter of external and internal splines. Both the spline-coupling stiffness and the displacement of splines are evaluated by using the derivative of the total flexibility.
The stiffness of a spline joint can vary based on the distribution of load along the spline. Variables affecting the stiffness of spline joints include the torque level, tooth indexing errors, and misalignment. To explore the effects of these variables, an analytical formula is developed. The method is applicable for various kinds of spline joints, such as splines with multiple components.
Despite the difficulty of calculating spline-coupling stiffness, it is possible to model the contact between the teeth of the shaft and the hub using an analytical approach. This approach helps in determining key magnitudes of coupling operation such as contact peak pressures, reaction moments, and angular momentum. This approach allows for accurate results for spline-couplings and is suitable for both torsional vibration and structural vibration analysis.
The stiffness of spline-coupling is commonly assumed to be rigid in dynamic models. However, various dynamic phenomena associated with spline joints must be captured in high-fidelity drivetrain models. To accomplish this, a general analytical stiffness formulation is proposed based on a semi-analytical spline load distribution model. The resulting stiffness matrix contains radial and tilting stiffness values as well as torsional stiffness. The analysis is further simplified with the blockwise inversion method.
It is essential to consider the torsional vibration of a power transmission system before selecting the coupling. An accurate analysis of torsional vibration is crucial for coupling safety. This article also discusses case studies of spline shaft wear and torsionally-induced failures. The discussion will conclude with the development of a robust and efficient method to simulate these problems in real-life scenarios.

Effect of spline misalignment on rotor-spline coupling

In this study, the effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline coupling is investigated. The stability boundary and mechanism of rotor instability are analyzed. We find that the meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling increases nonlinearly with spline thickness. The results demonstrate that the misalignment is responsible for the instability of the rotor-spline coupling system.
An intentional spline misalignment is introduced to achieve an interference fit and zero backlash condition. This leads to uneven load distribution among the spline teeth. A further spline misalignment of 50um can result in rotor-spline coupling failure. The maximum tensile root stress shifted to the left under this condition.
Positive spline misalignment increases the gear mesh misalignment. Conversely, negative spline misalignment has no effect. The right-handed spline misalignment is opposite to the helix hand. The high contact area is moved from the center to the left side. In both cases, gear mesh is misaligned due to deflection and tilting of the gear under load.
This variation of the tooth surface is measured as the change in clearance in the transverse plain. The radial and axial clearance values are the same, while the difference between the 2 is less. In addition to the frictional force, the axial clearance of the splines is the same, which increases the gear mesh misalignment. Hence, the same procedure can be used to determine the frictional force of a rotor-spline coupling.
Gear mesh misalignment influences spline-rotor coupling performance. This misalignment changes the distribution of the gear mesh and alters contact and bending stresses. Therefore, it is essential to understand the effects of misalignment in spline couplings. Using a simplified system of helical gear pair, Hong et al. examined the load distribution along the tooth interface of the spline. This misalignment caused the flank contact pattern to change. The misaligned teeth exhibited deflection under load and developed a tilting moment on the gear.
The effect of spline misalignment in rotor-spline couplings is minimized by using a mechanism that reduces backlash. The mechanism comprises cooperably splined male and female members. One member is formed by 2 coaxially aligned splined segments with end surfaces shaped to engage in sliding relationship. The connecting device applies axial loads to these segments, causing them to rotate relative to 1 another.

China OEM High Speed Stack Timing Belt Drive Type 4 Color Adhesive Tape Flexo Printing Machine (CE)   with high qualityChina OEM High Speed Stack Timing Belt Drive Type 4 Color Adhesive Tape Flexo Printing Machine (CE)   with high quality

China Hot selling Powertrain Transmission Coil Damper Belt Tensioners Pulley Decouplers Double Dual Mass Flywheel DMF Torque Converter Tc Curve Circular Banana Bow Arc Spring with Good quality

Product Description

The arc spring (also known as – bow spring, curved spring, circular spring or “banana” spring) is a special form of coil spring which was originally developed for use in the dual-mass flywheel of internal combustion engine drive trains. The term “arc spring” is used to describe pre-curved or arc-shaped helical compression springs. They have an arc-shaped coil axis.
Like other technical springs, arc springs are based on the fundamental principle of storing mechanical work in the form of potential energy and the ability to release this energy again. The force is applied through the ends of the spring. A torque can be transmitted around an axis via the force  directed along this helical axis and the lever arm to the system center point. The wire of the arc spring is mainly subjected to torsional stress.
Arc spring with sliding shell.
Representation of the friction hysteresis of a single-stage arc spring supported by a sliding shell in a torque-angle characteristic curve.
An arc spring requires suitable support to transmit torque. The support is usually provided from the outside in the form of an arcuate channel (sliding shell) or radially shaped support plates. This prevents buckling of the arc spring. Another result of this support is a hysteresis between the loading and unloading curves in the characteristic curve. This results from the friction of the spring on the radial support and is an intended effect to achieve damping in the system.
Arc spring systems
As with compression springs, spring systems can also be used for arc springs. The main designs are series and parallel connection. With these, single-stage or multi-stage spring characteristics can be achieved. In order to make optimum use of the available space, systems consisting of inner and outer arc springs are often used.
Representation of the friction hysteresis of a two-stage arc spring supported by a sliding shell in a torque-angle characteristic curve.
In addition, the spring characteristic can be influenced by other parameters such as the cross-sectional geometry of the wire, the coil diameter or the number of coils.
Schematic representation of bow springs in a dual mass flywheel.
The arc spring is suitable for static and quasi-static as well as dynamic applications. Examples include:
Dynamic applications:
Dual mass flywheel
Torque converter
Arc spring clutch
Belt tensioners, pulley decouplers



Material Carbon Steel, Stainless Steel, Alloy Steel, Cold Rolled Steel, Music Wire, Copper Wire, Oil Tempred Quenched High Carbon Spring Steel Wire VDSiCr CrSi TDSiCr FDSiCr 55SiCr.
Wire Diameter 0.1mm-10mm
Surface treatment Zinc, Chrome, Nickel, Silver, Gold, Tin, Powder coating, Oxide black, Phosphorization, Darcolo, etc
Application Dual mass flywheel; Torque converter; Arc Spring Clutch; Belt Tensioners; Pulley Decouplers
Certification IATF 16949; ISO14001
Package Lnner plastic bag, outer carton, can be customized according to customer requirements
Production Time 30 Days, According to customer order quantity
Payment Terms Pay the balance 30%, 70% before delivery, can be adjusted according to the situation
Origin China, ZheJiang

TEMB has been specialized in spring for 20 years. With 15 computer coiling machines, 13 heat-treatment furnaces, 16 spring grinding machines, 6 chamfering machines, 8 setting machines, 5 shot-blasting machines, 1 full automatic load sorting machine, 8 fatigue machines, 6 tension and compression testing machines, TEMB can produce all kinds of springs with diameter 0.2~12.0mm, annual capacity 80 million pcs.
We have established long and friendly cooperation relationship with high level steel manufacturers at home and abroad, ensuring the reliable raw material quality, such as SUMITOMO and Suzuki Garphyttan from Japan, KISWIRE from Korea, and SINOSTEEL from China.

Why Choose Us

1.OE supplier, Reliable quality.
2.OEM, buyer design, buyer label services provided.
3.Exclusive and unique solution can be provide to our customer by our welltrained and professional engineers and staffs.
4.we have the certification of IATF16949, ISO14001.
5.Special discount and protection of sales area provided to our distributor.
6.Timely delivery
7.Good after-sale service
8.Small MOQ is acceptable

Screws and Screw Shafts

A screw is a mechanical device that holds objects together. Screws are usually forged or machined. They are also used in screw jacks and press-fitted vises. Their self-locking properties make them a popular choice in many different industries. Here are some of the benefits of screws and how they work. Also read about their self-locking properties. The following information will help you choose the right screw for your application.

Machined screw shaft

A machined screw shaft can be made of various materials, depending on the application. Screw shafts can be made from stainless steel, brass, bronze, titanium, or iron. Most manufacturers use high-precision CNC machines or lathes to manufacture these products. These products come in many sizes and shapes, and they have varying applications. Different materials are used for different sizes and shapes. Here are some examples of what you can use these screws for:
Screws are widely used in many applications. One of the most common uses is in holding objects together. This type of fastener is used in screw jacks, vises, and screw presses. The thread pitch of a screw can vary. Generally, a smaller pitch results in greater mechanical advantage. Hence, a machined screw shaft should be sized appropriately. This ensures that your product will last for a long time.
A machined screw shaft should be compatible with various threading systems. In general, the ASME system is used for threaded parts. The threaded hole occupies most of the shaft. The thread of the bolt occupy either part of the shaft, or the entire one. There are also alternatives to bolts, including riveting, rolling pins, and pinned shafts. These alternatives are not widely used today, but they are useful for certain niche applications.
If you are using a ball screw, you can choose to anneal the screw shaft. To anneal the screw shaft, use a water-soaked rag as a heat barrier. You can choose from 2 different options, depending on your application. One option is to cover the screw shaft with a dust-proof enclosure. Alternatively, you can install a protective heat barrier over the screw shaft. You can also choose to cover the screw shaft with a dust-proof machine.
If you need a smaller size, you can choose a smaller screw. It may be smaller than a quarter of an inch, but it may still be compatible with another part. The smaller ones, however, will often have a corresponding mating part. These parts are typically denominated by their ANSI numerical size designation, which does not indicate threads-per-inch. There is an industry standard for screw sizes that is a little easier to understand.

Ball screw nut

When choosing a Ball screw nut for a screw shaft, it is important to consider the critical speed of the machine. This value excites the natural frequency of a screw and determines how fast it can be turned. In other words, it varies with the screw diameter and unsupported length. It also depends on the screw shaft’s diameter and end fixity. Depending on the application, the nut can be run at a maximum speed of about 80% of its theoretical critical speed.
The inner return of a ball nut is a cross-over deflector that forces the balls to climb over the crest of the screw. In 1 revolution of the screw, a ball will cross over the nut crest to return to the screw. Similarly, the outer circuit is a circular shape. Both flanges have 1 contact point on the ball shaft, and the nut is connected to the screw shaft by a screw.
The accuracy of ball screws depends on several factors, including the manufacturing precision of the ball grooves, the compactness of the assembly, and the set-up precision of the nut. Depending on the application, the lead accuracy of a ball screw nut may vary significantly. To improve lead accuracy, preloading, and lubrication are important. Ewellix ball screw assembly specialists can help you determine the best option for your application.
A ball screw nut should be preloaded prior to installation in order to achieve the expected service life. The smallest amount of preload required can reduce a ball screw’s calculated life by as much as 90 percent. Using a lubricant of a standard grade is recommended. Some lubricants contain additives. Using grease or oil in place of oil can prolong the life of the screw.
A ball screw nut is a type of threaded nut that is used in a number of different applications. It works similar to a ball bearing in that it contains hardened steel balls that move along a series of inclined races. When choosing a ball screw nut, engineers should consider the following factors: speed, life span, mounting, and lubrication. In addition, there are other considerations, such as the environment in which the screw is used.

Self-locking property of screw shaft

A self-locking screw is 1 that is capable of rotating without the use of a lock washer or bolt. This property is dependent on a number of factors, but 1 of them is the pitch angle of the thread. A screw with a small pitch angle is less likely to self-lock, while a large pitch angle is more likely to spontaneously rotate. The limiting angle of a self-locking thread can be calculated by calculating the torque Mkdw at which the screw is first released.
The pitch angle of the screw’s threads and its coefficient of friction determine the self-locking function of the screw. Other factors that affect its self-locking function include environmental conditions, high or low temperature, and vibration. Self-locking screws are often used in single-line applications and are limited by the size of their pitch. Therefore, the self-locking property of the screw shaft depends on the specific application.
The self-locking feature of a screw is an important factor. If a screw is not in a state of motion, it can be a dangerous or unusable machine. The self-locking property of a screw is critical in many applications, from corkscrews to threaded pipe joints. Screws are also used as power linkages, although their use is rarely necessary for high-power operations. In the archimedes’ screw, for example, the blades of the screw rotate around an axis. A screw conveyor uses a rotating helical chamber to move materials. A micrometer uses a precision-calibrated screw to measure length.
Self-locking screws are commonly used in lead screw technology. Their pitch and coefficient of friction are important factors in determining the self-locking property of screws. This property is advantageous in many applications because it eliminates the need for a costly brake. Its self-locking property means that the screw will be secure without requiring a special kind of force or torque. There are many other factors that contribute to the self-locking property of a screw, but this is the most common factor.
Screws with right-hand threads have threads that angle up to the right. The opposite is true for left-hand screws. While turning a screw counter-clockwise will loosen it, a right-handed person will use a right-handed thumb-up to turn it. Similarly, a left-handed person will use their thumb to turn a screw counter-clockwise. And vice versa.

Materials used to manufacture screw shaft

Many materials are commonly used to manufacture screw shafts. The most common are steel, stainless steel, brass, bronze, and titanium. These materials have advantages and disadvantages that make them good candidates for screw production. Some screw types are also made of copper to fight corrosion and ensure durability over time. Other materials include nylon, Teflon, and aluminum. Brass screws are lightweight and have aesthetic appeal. The choice of material for a screw shaft depends on the use it will be made for.
Shafts are typically produced using 3 steps. Screws are manufactured from large coils, wire, or round bar stock. After these are produced, the blanks are cut to the appropriate length and cold headed. This cold working process pressudes features into the screw head. More complicated screw shapes may require 2 heading processes to achieve the desired shape. The process is very precise and accurate, so it is an ideal choice for screw manufacturing.
The type of material used to manufacture a screw shaft is crucial for the function it will serve. The type of material chosen will depend on where the screw is being used. If the screw is for an indoor project, you can opt for a cheaper, low-tech screw. But if the screw is for an outdoor project, you’ll need to use a specific type of screw. This is because outdoor screws will be exposed to humidity and temperature changes. Some screws may even be coated with a protective coating to protect them from the elements.
Screws can also be self-threading and self-tapping. The self-threading or self-tapping screw creates a complementary helix within the material. Other screws are made with a thread which cuts into the material it fastens. Other types of screws create a helical groove on softer material to provide compression. The most common uses of a screw include holding 2 components together.
There are many types of bolts available. Some are more expensive than others, but they are generally more resistant to corrosion. They can also be made from stainless steel or aluminum. But they require high-strength materials. If you’re wondering what screws are, consider this article. There are tons of options available for screw shaft manufacturing. You’ll be surprised how versatile they can be! The choice is yours, and you can be confident that you’ll find the screw shaft that will best fit your application.

China Hot selling Powertrain Transmission Coil Damper Belt Tensioners Pulley Decouplers Double Dual Mass Flywheel DMF Torque Converter Tc Curve Circular Banana Bow Arc Spring   with Good qualityChina Hot selling Powertrain Transmission Coil Damper Belt Tensioners Pulley Decouplers Double Dual Mass Flywheel DMF Torque Converter Tc Curve Circular Banana Bow Arc Spring   with Good quality