SPORTRAK SUV Tyre 245/75R16 265/70R17 4*4 tyre 235/80R17 4×4 Car Tires 31×10.50R15 CZPT size 215R15C
A.suitable for all wheels/ALL POSITION.
B.Good traction and braking performance.
C.Good durability, anti-puncturing.
D.Applied to road with good even poor conditions.
MOQ: 1*20GP (mixed sizes are allowed)
Delivery: 7-25 days for a 20GP/40HQ
Package: each set with woven bag or plastic of paper.
Payment terms: 30% TT deposit, balance within 7 days against the B/L copy.
WELCOME INQUIRY IF you need tire,please contact me for more information,good prices would be offered accordingly.
Sportrak Tire Group(S.T.G) is an integrated corporation specializing in developing, manufacturing & selling tires;ZheJiang Energy Group is our headquarter which is among the world TOP 500.
To deal with the situation of limited coal resources that used to be our main producing,now we are prioritizing the development of rubber industry with continued investment and acquisition of 2 large scale tire factories, 1 is a all-steel truck tire factory
(referred to as TBR factory) whose annual output is 3.6 million sets, the other is a semi-steel tire factory (referred to as PCR factory) with 20 million sets annual output. Meanwhile we have invested and built a rubber processing plant in Thailand with an annual output of 200,000 tons so as to secure the stable supply of the rubber raw material and its quality.
With the support of great power and technology, our TBR factory has built the national tire laboratory certified by CNAS and also owned the world advanced and China leading disposable mixing method, which has obtained the national technology award. We also have the advanced VMI molding machine and the professional producing and testing equipments which are imported from Europe and America, moreover we’ve adopted tZheJiang o technology in producing and processing.
Each tire has to go through hundreds of processing procedures before completed and put into the market since the very beginning of raw materials. Currently we have passed the TS16949, DOT, SONCAP ,E-Mark, INMETRO,GCC ,SNI and the ISO9001 quality system certification.The whole set of the tire technology we introduced and adopted is top of Europe; the main members of the technical team have working experience in well-known tire companies both at home and abroad and they are professional in construction design, formulation design and factory management.
SPORTRAK tire group takes SPORTRAK as leading brand to explore the domestic and foreign markets and we are engaged in production of green, environmental-protective and energy-saving tires. So far the product series range from entire series to multi-pattern and economical to high-performance, which accounted for 40% and 90% of our products are for export.
1. How to ship?
1). FOB,CIF terms, we will effect shipment and furnish the master bill of lading issued by shipping line.
2). FOB items, buyer should nominated shipping line or shipping agency in China.
3). Shipped by train , we will discuss with buyer to get agreement on details.
2. How about the quality?
1). Best quality tires.
2). Best Parterns: Rubber from Malaysia & Thailand top-quality Natural and synthetic rubber.
3. How about the delivery?
If the products you need are all stock available, we will arrange shipment within 3-5 days, once receiving your down payment. If the products you need is out of stock, we will arrange production asap, normally, the shipment will be effected within 7-25 days.
4. How about the warranty?
Any tire with a complete serial number is covered against defects in workmanship and material for 2 YEARS from the date of purchase. After that time, the warranty is terminated.
Notice: The tire age calculated from the date of purchase, If the proof of purchase is not available, the tire date of manufacture will be applied.
Applications of Spline Couplings
A spline coupling is a highly effective means of connecting 2 or more components. These types of couplings are very efficient, as they combine linear motion with rotation, and their efficiency makes them a desirable choice in numerous applications. Read on to learn more about the main characteristics and applications of spline couplings. You will also be able to determine the predicted operation and wear. You can easily design your own couplings by following the steps outlined below.
The spline coupling plays an important role in transmitting torque. It consists of a hub and a shaft with splines that are in surface contact without relative motion. Because they are connected, their angular velocity is the same. The splines can be designed with any profile that minimizes friction. Because they are in contact with each other, the load is not evenly distributed, concentrating on a small area, which can deform the hub surface.
Optimal spline coupling design takes into account several factors, including weight, material characteristics, and performance requirements. In the aeronautics industry, weight is an important design factor. S.A.E. and ANSI tables do not account for weight when calculating the performance requirements of spline couplings. Another critical factor is space. Spline couplings may need to fit in tight spaces, or they may be subject to other configuration constraints.
Optimal design of spline couplers may be characterized by an odd number of teeth. However, this is not always the case. If the external spline’s outer diameter exceeds a certain threshold, the optimal spline coupling model may not be an optimal choice for this application. To optimize a spline coupling for a specific application, the user may need to consider the sizing method that is most appropriate for their application.
Once a design is generated, the next step is to test the resulting spline coupling. The system must check for any design constraints and validate that it can be produced using modern manufacturing techniques. The resulting spline coupling model is then exported to an optimisation tool for further analysis. The method enables a designer to easily manipulate the design of a spline coupling and reduce its weight.
The spline coupling model 20 includes the major structural features of a spline coupling. A product model software program 10 stores default values for each of the spline coupling’s specifications. The resulting spline model is then calculated in accordance with the algorithm used in the present invention. The software allows the designer to enter the spline coupling’s radii, thickness, and orientation.
An important aspect of aero-engine splines is the load distribution among the teeth. The researchers have performed experimental tests and have analyzed the effect of lubrication conditions on the coupling behavior. Then, they devised a theoretical model using a Ruiz parameter to simulate the actual working conditions of spline couplings. This model explains the wear damage caused by the spline couplings by considering the influence of friction, misalignment, and other conditions that are relevant to the splines’ performance.
In order to design a spline coupling, the user first inputs the design criteria for sizing load carrying sections, including the external spline 40 of the spline coupling model 30. Then, the user specifies torque margin performance requirement specifications, such as the yield limit, plastic buckling, and creep buckling. The software program then automatically calculates the size and configuration of the load carrying sections and the shaft. These specifications are then entered into the model software program 10 as specification values.
Various spline coupling configuration specifications are input on the GUI screen 80. The software program 10 then generates a spline coupling model by storing default values for the various specifications. The user then can manipulate the spline coupling model by modifying its various specifications. The final result will be a computer-aided design that enables designers to optimize spline couplings based on their performance and design specifications.
The spline coupling model software program continually evaluates the validity of spline coupling models for a particular application. For example, if a user enters a data value signal corresponding to a parameter signal, the software compares the value of the signal entered to the corresponding value in the knowledge base. If the values are outside the specifications, a warning message is displayed. Once this comparison is completed, the spline coupling model software program outputs a report with the results.
Various spline coupling design factors include weight, material properties, and performance requirements. Weight is 1 of the most important design factors, particularly in the aeronautics field. ANSI and S.A.E. tables do not consider these factors when calculating the load characteristics of spline couplings. Other design requirements may also restrict the configuration of a spline coupling.
Spline couplings are a type of mechanical joint that connects 2 rotating shafts. Its 2 parts engage teeth that transfer load. Although splines are commonly over-dimensioned, they are still prone to fatigue and static behavior. These properties also make them prone to wear and tear. Therefore, proper design and selection are vital to minimize wear and tear on splines. There are many applications of spline couplings.
A key design is based on the size of the shaft being joined. This allows for the proper spacing of the keys. A novel method of hobbing allows for the formation of tapered bases without interference, and the root of the keys is concentric with the axis. These features enable for high production rates. Various applications of spline couplings can be found in various industries. To learn more, read on.
FE based methodology can predict the wear rate of spline couplings by including the evolution of the coefficient of friction. This method can predict fretting wear from simple round-on-flat geometry, and has been calibrated with experimental data. The predicted wear rate is reasonable compared to the experimental data. Friction evolution in spline couplings depends on the spline geometry. It is also crucial to consider the lubrication condition of the splines.
Using a spline coupling reduces backlash and ensures proper alignment of mated components. The shaft’s splined tooth form transfers rotation from the splined shaft to the internal splined member, which may be a gear or other rotary device. A spline coupling’s root strength and torque requirements determine the type of spline coupling that should be used.
The spline root is usually flat and has a crown on 1 side. The crowned spline has a symmetrical crown at the centerline of the face-width of the spline. As the spline length decreases toward the ends, the teeth are becoming thinner. The tooth diameter is measured in pitch. This means that the male spline has a flat root and a crowned spline.
Spindle couplings are used in rotating machinery to connect 2 shafts. They are composed of 2 parts with teeth that engage each other and transfer load. Spline couplings are commonly over-dimensioned and are prone to static and fatigue behavior. Wear phenomena are also a common problem with splines. To address these issues, it is essential to understand the behavior and predictability of these couplings.
Dynamic behavior of spline-rotor couplings is often unclear, particularly if the system is not integrated with the rotor. For example, when a misalignment is not present, the main response frequency is 1 X-rotating speed. As the misalignment increases, the system starts to vibrate in complex ways. Furthermore, as the shaft orbits depart from the origin, the magnitudes of all the frequencies increase. Thus, research results are useful in determining proper design and troubleshooting of rotor systems.
The model of misaligned spline couplings can be obtained by analyzing the stress-compression relationships between 2 spline pairs. The meshing force model of splines is a function of the system mass, transmitting torque, and dynamic vibration displacement. This model holds when the dynamic vibration displacement is small. Besides, the CZPT stepping integration method is stable and has high efficiency.
The slip distributions are a function of the state of lubrication, coefficient of friction, and loading cycles. The predicted wear depths are well within the range of measured values. These predictions are based on the slip distributions. The methodology predicts increased wear under lightly lubricated conditions, but not under added lubrication. The lubrication condition and coefficient of friction are the key factors determining the wear behavior of splines.