01. Product Description
|Products||Name||Rubber Metal bonded parts|
|Products category||rubber molded product|
|Material||EPDM,NR,SBR,Nitrile, Silicone, Fluorosilicone, Neoprene, Urethane(PU), Polyacrylate(ACM), Ethylene Acrylic(AEM), HNBR, Butyl(IIR), plastic like material (TPE, PU, NBR, silicone, NBR+TPE etc)|
|Size||All size and thickness available.|
|Shape||capable of all shapes as per drawing|
|Color||Natural,black, Pantone code or RAL code, or as per client’s samples or requirements|
|Hardness||20°~90° Shore A, usually 30°~80° Shore A.|
|Surface finishing||Texture (VDI/MT standard, or made to client’s sample), polished (high polish, mirror polish), smooth, painting, powder coating, printing, electroplating etc.|
|Drawing||2D or 3D draiwng in any image/picture format is OK|
|Application||Household, electronics, for vehicles like GM, Ford, Renault, Honda. Machinery, hospital, petrochemical, Military and Aerospace etc.|
|Market||Europe, North America, Oceania|
|Quality certification||ISO 90001:2008, TS16949, FDA, REACH, ROHS, SGS|
|QC||Every order production will get more than 10 times regular check and 5 fives times random check by our professional QC. Or by Third party appointed by customer|
|Mold||Molding Process||Injection molding, mold processing, extrusion|
|Mould type||processing mold, injection mold, extrusionmold|
|Machines||350T vacuum pressing machine and other pressing machine at 300T,250T and so on|
|Tooling equipment||Rubber tension tester, Rubber vulcanization instrument, Durometer, calipers, ageing oven|
|Mould Life||300,000~1,00,000 times|
|Production||Production capacity||finish each mold of product in 3 minutes and working on 3 shifts within 24 hours|
|Mold lead time||15~35 days|
|Sample lead time||3~5 days|
|Production time||usually 15~30 days, should be confirmed before order|
|Loading port||HangZhou, ZheJiang , HangZhou or as required|
02. Company Profile
HangZhou CZPT Rubber company was established in 1996 year, Located in HangZhou,China. We are an OEM/ODM professional manufacturer focused on solutions of rubber and plastic products. It represents high quality and is backed up by our team of quality assurance experts and our ISO 9001 and TS 16949 certifications. Its plant occupies over 2500 square meters of land.
Our main customers come from Europe,America and Oceanica, Example: UK, USA, Spain, Denmark,Germany, Australia, Finland .
Our strengths are our ability to respond quickly and efficiently to customer needs, excellent quality standards, and top notch follow-up service. Our strong engineering team supports our ability to provide excellent quality and on-time delivery. Our reputation is based on good credit, quality and service which is highly appreciated by customers in European and North American market. With mature and stable management team, advanced equipment and leading technology, experienced marketing team, a good reputation among our customers, the Group is making every effort to create the new brand of rubber, plastic products, metal products, mold processing in the world.
“leadship through quality and service, To create value for customers is creating a future for ourselves” as our motto. Welcome overseas friends to visit our company. Looking forward to your support more!
Our sale office is located in HangZhou city downtown, ZheJiang Province, China. It is in 2~3 hours drive distance to both our factory and airport or sea port in HangZhou. It is also convenient to meet customers from different countries.
Products and materials:
Our company is engaged in manufacture Rubber and plastic parts. The main products include molded rubber parts, Extrusion silicone tube/strip, silicone sponge tube, Injection plastic parts, Extrusion plastic parts, Rubber sponge parts, PVC dipping.
We make these parts according to the drawings or samples from customers with various shape,dimension and color , Example rubber rings, bellows, seals,hose,plug,bumper and so on, The main rubber raw material is EPDM,NR,SBR,Nitrile, Silicone, Fluorosilicone, Viton(FKM), Neoprene, Urethane(PU), Polyacrylate(ACM), Ethylene Acrylic(AEM), HNBR, Butyl(IIR) with 30~90 Shore A hardness. The main plastic raw material is PP, PA, PE, POM, PC, PVC, PS, PVC, TPE, TPR, TPU ,Santoprene. Especially we have advantage in rubber seals and auto rubber parts, We have produced many parts for some automotive enterprise like,Rover,BMW, Opel, GM, Ford, Renault, Honda.
Our engineers and QC experts are engaged in rubber plastic industry over 23 years. Our core management team has rich experience and deep understanding of rubber and plastic development.
Factory is working 24 hours by 3 shifts every day, It takes only 3 minutes to finish 1 mold of products. (If 1 mold has 50 cavities, then we can produce 50PCS of products within 3 minutes). Production machines including 350T vacuum pressing machine, 300T pressing machine, 250T machines and more others.
Quality control and test:
It has more than 10 times of quality check for every order, beginning from raw material check to package check. Every production line has at least 2 QC staff for random check and regular check. Test: manufactory testing machine includes rubber tension tester, rubber vulcanization instrument, durometer, calipers, ageing oven for Density test, Elongation at break, Bonding strength, Pulling force test, twisting force test, Rergarding other test like anti-high/low temperature which will be tested by Third Party Testing Center as customer required.
Every salesman should be in service after strictly trained with productions knowledge and customer-service requirements. Be skilled in exporting business procedure and English communication.
Analytical Approaches to Estimating Contact Pressures in Spline Couplings
A spline coupling is a type of mechanical connection between 2 rotating shafts. It consists of 2 parts – a coupler and a coupling. Both parts have teeth which engage and transfer loads. However, spline couplings are typically over-dimensioned, which makes them susceptible to fatigue and static behavior. Wear phenomena can also cause the coupling to fail. For this reason, proper spline coupling design is essential for achieving optimum performance.
Modeling a spline coupling
Spline couplings are becoming increasingly popular in the aerospace industry, but they operate in a slightly misaligned state, causing both vibrations and damage to the contact surfaces. To solve this problem, this article offers analytical approaches for estimating the contact pressures in a spline coupling. Specifically, this article compares analytical approaches with pure numerical approaches to demonstrate the benefits of an analytical approach.
To model a spline coupling, first you create the knowledge base for the spline coupling. The knowledge base includes a large number of possible specification values, which are related to each other. If you modify 1 specification, it may lead to a warning for violating another. To make the design valid, you must create a spline coupling model that meets the specified specification values.
After you have modeled the geometry, you must enter the contact pressures of the 2 spline couplings. Then, you need to determine the position of the pitch circle of the spline. In Figure 2, the centre of the male coupling is superposed to that of the female spline. Then, you need to make sure that the alignment meshing distance of the 2 splines is the same.
Once you have the data you need to create a spline coupling model, you can begin by entering the specifications for the interface design. Once you have this data, you need to choose whether to optimize the internal spline or the external spline. You’ll also need to specify the tooth friction coefficient, which is used to determine the stresses in the spline coupling model 20. You should also enter the pilot clearance, which is the clearance between the tip 186 of a tooth 32 on 1 spline and the feature on the mating spline.
After you have entered the desired specifications for the external spline, you can enter the parameters for the internal spline. For example, you can enter the outer diameter limit 154 of the major snap 54 and the minor snap 56 of the internal spline. The values of these parameters are displayed in color-coded boxes on the Spline Inputs and Configuration GUI screen 80. Once the parameters are entered, you’ll be presented with a geometric representation of the spline coupling model 20.
Creating a spline coupling model 20
The spline coupling model 20 is created by a product model software program 10. The software validates the spline coupling model against a knowledge base of configuration-dependent specification constraints and relationships. This report is then input to the ANSYS stress analyzer program. It lists the spline coupling model 20’s geometric configurations and specification values for each feature. The spline coupling model 20 is automatically recreated every time the configuration or performance specifications of the spline coupling model 20 are modified.
The spline coupling model 20 can be configured using the product model software program 10. A user specifies the axial length of the spline stack, which may be zero, or a fixed length. The user also enters a radial mating face 148, if any, and selects a pilot clearance specification value of 14.5 degrees or 30 degrees.
A user can then use the mouse 110 to modify the spline coupling model 20. The spline coupling knowledge base contains a large number of possible specification values and the spline coupling design rule. If the user tries to change a spline coupling model, the model will show a warning about a violation of another specification. In some cases, the modification may invalidate the design.
In the spline coupling model 20, the user enters additional performance requirement specifications. The user chooses the locations where maximum torque is transferred for the internal and external splines 38 and 40. The maximum torque transfer location is determined by the attachment configuration of the hardware to the shafts. Once this is selected, the user can click “Next” to save the model. A preview of the spline coupling model 20 is displayed.
The model 20 is a representation of a spline coupling. The spline specifications are entered in the order and arrangement as specified on the spline coupling model 20 GUI screen. Once the spline coupling specifications are entered, the product model software program 10 will incorporate them into the spline coupling model 20. This is the last step in spline coupling model creation.
Analysing a spline coupling model 20
An analysis of a spline coupling model consists of inputting its configuration and performance specifications. These specifications may be generated from another computer program. The product model software program 10 then uses its internal knowledge base of configuration dependent specification relationships and constraints to create a valid three-dimensional parametric model 20. This model contains information describing the number and types of spline teeth 32, snaps 34, and shoulder 36.
When you are analysing a spline coupling, the software program 10 will include default values for various specifications. The spline coupling model 20 comprises an internal spline 38 and an external spline 40. Each of the splines includes its own set of parameters, such as its depth, width, length, and radii. The external spline 40 will also contain its own set of parameters, such as its orientation.
Upon selecting these parameters, the software program will perform various analyses on the spline coupling model 20. The software program 10 calculates the nominal and maximal tooth bearing stresses and fatigue life of a spline coupling. It will also determine the difference in torsional windup between an internal and an external spline. The output file from the analysis will be a report file containing model configuration and specification data. The output file may also be used by other computer programs for further analysis.
Once these parameters are set, the user enters the design criteria for the spline coupling model 20. In this step, the user specifies the locations of maximum torque transfer for both the external and internal spline 38. The maximum torque transfer location depends on the configuration of the hardware attached to the shafts. The user may enter up to 4 different performance requirement specifications for each spline.
The results of the analysis show that there are 2 phases of spline coupling. The first phase shows a large increase in stress and vibration. The second phase shows a decline in both stress and vibration levels. The third stage shows a constant meshing force between 300N and 320N. This behavior continues for a longer period of time, until the final stage engages with the surface.
Misalignment of a spline coupling
A study aimed to investigate the position of the resultant contact force in a spline coupling engaging teeth under a steady torque and rotating misalignment. The study used numerical methods based on Finite Element Method (FEM) models. It produced numerical results for nominal conditions and parallel offset misalignment. The study considered 2 levels of misalignment – 0.02 mm and 0.08 mm – with different loading levels.
The results showed that the misalignment between the splines and rotors causes a change in the meshing force of the spline-rotor coupling system. Its dynamics is governed by the meshing force of splines. The meshing force of a misaligned spline coupling is related to the rotor-spline coupling system parameters, the transmitting torque, and the dynamic vibration displacement.
Despite the lack of precise measurements, the misalignment of splines is a common problem. This problem is compounded by the fact that splines usually feature backlash. This backlash is the result of the misaligned spline. The authors analyzed several splines, varying pitch diameters, and length/diameter ratios.
A spline coupling is a two-dimensional mechanical system, which has positive backlash. The spline coupling is comprised of a hub and shaft, and has tip-to-root clearances that are larger than the backlash. A form-clearance is sufficient to prevent tip-to-root fillet contact. The torque on the splines is transmitted via friction.
When a spline coupling is misaligned, a torque-biased thrust force is generated. In such a situation, the force can exceed the torque, causing the component to lose its alignment. The two-way transmission of torque and thrust is modeled analytically in the present study. The analytical approach provides solutions that can be integrated into the design process. So, the next time you are faced with a misaligned spline coupling problem, make sure to use an analytical approach!
In this study, the spline coupling is analyzed under nominal conditions without a parallel offset misalignment. The stiffness values obtained are the percentage difference between the nominal pitch diameter and load application diameter. Moreover, the maximum percentage difference in the measured pitch diameter is 1.60% under a torque of 5000 N*m. The other parameter, the pitch angle, is taken into consideration in the calculation.