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China Hot selling CNC Plasma Pipe and Plate Cutting Machine with ISO Certificate near me manufacturer

Product Description

CNC Pipe and Sheet Plasma Cutting Machine

can cut metal plate and metal pipe.

Main Features

1.Good Working stability, high frequency interfere effectively plasma, lightweight portable;
2.Support 2 cutting ways of flame and plasma;
3.Economic benefits, the structure and design is contracted. it adopts humanistic positive man-machine conversation and operate easily;
4.Cutting has high quality, high effect level, high precision;
5.Programmable cutting arbitrary shape parts of line and arc;
6.Dynamic and static graphic display, easy to learn. 
Can convert CAD file to program file in computer, through USB flash drive transmits to machine to realize cutting all kinds’ graphs. 
And also can program and operate directly on the machine.
7.English and Chinese interface can free to convert;
8.Pre-sale will train and after-sale will track service.

Application

  • Applicable Industry:
    Mechanical & Electrical equipment, stainless steel products, construction & decoration industry, billboard, sheet metal structure, high-low voltage electric cabinet, kitchenware, car accessories, saw bits, precision metal parts, metal art-ware, etc.
  • Applicable Materials:
    Stainless steel sheet & hollow pipe, Carbon steel sheet & hollow pipe, Stainless Iron sheet & hollow pipe, Galvanized sheet & hollow pipe, Manganese steel, Electrolytic plate, Aluminum alloy, Titanium alloy, Titanium alloy, Aluminum Brass, Rare metal, etc.

 Parameter 

Model Parameter

CNC pipe and plate plasma cutting machine 

Model

  1325

  1530

   2040

Working size

1300*2500mm

1500*3000mm

2000*4000mm

Rang of pipe diamter (Diameter)
 
30-400 mm 

Three axes Repeat positioning accuracy

±0.05mm

Process precision 

±0.35mm

Transmission system

X,Y ZheJiang  AMT high-precision,zero clearance increased linear guide+ rack

Z the arc voltage control

 cutting speed

V ≤2000mm/min  

Working voltage     

AC380/50HZ        

Control system

ZheJiang  START plasma cutting system

Standard high sensitivity arc voltage device

Software support

FASTCAM,AutoCAD and else 

Instruction format

G code

Drive system

Stepper motor (Optional ZheJiang  AC servo motor)

Plasma power

Domestic Xihu (West Lake) Dis. 60A-200A

Imported US Powermax 60A-000A

Power cutting ability

Domestic Xihu (West Lake) Dis. 0.5-35mm

US Powermax series 0.5-35mm

Moving speed 

V = 10-2000 mm/ min 

 

 

Types of Splines

There are 4 types of splines: Involute, Parallel key, helical, and ball. Learn about their characteristics. And, if you’re not sure what they are, you can always request a quotation. These splines are commonly used for building special machinery, repair jobs, and other applications. The CZPT Manufacturing Company manufactures these shafts. It is a specialty manufacturer and we welcome your business.
splineshaft

Involute splines

The involute spline provides a more rigid and durable structure, and is available in a variety of diameters and spline counts. Generally, steel, carbon steel, or titanium are used as raw materials. Other materials, such as carbon fiber, may be suitable. However, titanium can be difficult to produce, so some manufacturers make splines using other constituents.
When splines are used in shafts, they prevent parts from separating during operation. These features make them an ideal choice for securing mechanical assemblies. Splines with inward-curving grooves do not have sharp corners and are therefore less likely to break or separate while they are in operation. These properties help them to withstand high-speed operations, such as braking, accelerating, and reversing.
A male spline is fitted with an externally-oriented face, and a female spline is inserted through the center. The teeth of the male spline typically have chamfered tips to provide clearance with the transition area. The radii and width of the teeth of a male spline are typically larger than those of a female spline. These specifications are specified in ANSI or DIN design manuals.
The effective tooth thickness of a spline depends on the involute profile error and the lead error. Also, the spacing of the spline teeth and keyways can affect the effective tooth thickness. Involute splines in a splined shaft are designed so that at least 25 percent of the spline teeth engage during coupling, which results in a uniform distribution of load and wear on the spline.

Parallel key splines

A parallel splined shaft has a helix of equal-sized grooves around its circumference. These grooves are generally parallel or involute. Splines minimize stress concentrations in stationary joints and allow linear and rotary motion. Splines may be cut or cold-rolled. Cold-rolled splines have more strength than cut spines and are often used in applications that require high strength, accuracy, and a smooth surface.
A parallel key splined shaft features grooves and keys that are parallel to the axis of the shaft. This design is best suited for applications where load bearing is a primary concern and a smooth motion is needed. A parallel key splined shaft can be made from alloy steels, which are iron-based alloys that may also contain chromium, nickel, molybdenum, copper, or other alloying materials.
A splined shaft can be used to transmit torque and provide anti-rotation when operating as a linear guide. These shafts have square profiles that match up with grooves in a mating piece and transmit torque and rotation. They can also be easily changed in length, and are commonly used in aerospace. Its reliability and fatigue life make it an excellent choice for many applications.
The main difference between a parallel key splined shaft and a keyed shaft is that the former offers more flexibility. They lack slots, which reduce torque-transmitting capacity. Splines offer equal load distribution along the gear teeth, which translates into a longer fatigue life for the shaft. In agricultural applications, shaft life is essential. Agricultural equipment, for example, requires the ability to function at high speeds for extended periods of time.
splineshaft

Involute helical splines

Involute splines are a common design for splined shafts. They are the most commonly used type of splined shaft and feature equal spacing among their teeth. The teeth of this design are also shorter than those of the parallel spline shaft, reducing stress concentration. These splines can be used to transmit power to floating or permanently fixed gears, and reduce stress concentrations in the stationary joint. Involute splines are the most common type of splined shaft, and are widely used for a variety of applications in automotive, machine tools, and more.
Involute helical spline shafts are ideal for applications involving axial motion and rotation. They allow for face coupling engagement and disengagement. This design also allows for a larger diameter than a parallel spline shaft. The result is a highly efficient gearbox. Besides being durable, splines can also be used for other applications involving torque and energy transfer.
A new statistical model can be used to determine the number of teeth that engage for a given load. These splines are characterized by a tight fit at the major diameters, thereby transferring concentricity from the shaft to the female spline. A male spline has chamfered tips for clearance with the transition area. ANSI and DIN design manuals specify the different classes of fit.
The design of involute helical splines is similar to that of gears, and their ridges or teeth are matched with the corresponding grooves in a mating piece. It enables torque and rotation to be transferred to a mate piece while maintaining alignment of the 2 components. Different types of splines are used in different applications. Different splines can have different levels of tooth height.

Involute ball splines

When splines are used, they allow the shaft and hub to engage evenly over the shaft’s entire circumference. Because the teeth are evenly spaced, the load that they can transfer is uniform and their position is always the same regardless of shaft length. Whether the shaft is used to transmit torque or to transmit power, splines are a great choice. They provide maximum strength and allow for linear or rotary motion.
There are 3 basic types of splines: helical, crown, and ball. Crown splines feature equally spaced grooves. Crown splines feature involute sides and parallel sides. Helical splines use involute teeth and are often used in small diameter shafts. Ball splines contain a ball bearing inside the splined shaft to facilitate rotary motion and minimize stress concentration in stationary joints.
The 2 types of splines are classified under the ANSI classes of fit. Fillet root splines have teeth that mesh along the longitudinal axis of rotation. Flat root splines have similar teeth, but are intended to optimize strength for short-term use. Both types of splines are important for ensuring the shaft aligns properly and is not misaligned.
The friction coefficient of the hub is a complex process. When the hub is off-center, the center moves in predictable but irregular motion. Moreover, when the shaft is centered, the center may oscillate between being centered and being off-center. To compensate for this, the torque must be adequate to keep the shaft in its axis during all rotation angles. While straight-sided splines provide similar centering, they have lower misalignment load factors.
splineshaft

Keyed shafts

Essentially, splined shafts have teeth or ridges that fit together to transfer torque. Because splines are not as tall as involute gears, they offer uniform torque transfer. Additionally, they provide the opportunity for torque and rotational changes and improve wear resistance. In addition to their durability, splined shafts are popular in the aerospace industry and provide increased reliability and fatigue life.
Keyed shafts are available in different materials, lengths, and diameters. When used in high-power drive applications, they offer higher torque and rotational speeds. The higher torque they produce helps them deliver power to the gearbox. However, they are not as durable as splined shafts, which is why the latter is usually preferred in these applications. And while they’re more expensive, they’re equally effective when it comes to torque delivery.
Parallel keyed shafts have separate profiles and ridges and are used in applications requiring accuracy and precision. Keyed shafts with rolled splines are 35% stronger than cut splines and are used where precision is essential. These splines also have a smooth finish, which can make them a good choice for precision applications. They also work well with gears and other mechanical systems that require accurate torque transfer.
Carbon steel is another material used for splined shafts. Carbon steel is known for its malleability, and its shallow carbon content helps create reliable motion. However, if you’re looking for something more durable, consider ferrous steel. This type contains metals such as nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. And it’s important to remember that carbon steel is not the only material to consider.

China Hot selling CNC Plasma Pipe and Plate Cutting Machine with ISO Certificate   near me manufacturer China Hot selling CNC Plasma Pipe and Plate Cutting Machine with ISO Certificate   near me manufacturer

China Standard Factory 3D Woodworking Machine Wood Cutting Machine CNC Router wholesaler

Product Description

Factory supply  3d woodworking CNC router Wood cutting machine for  MDF, aluminum, PVC

Product Description

1, Welded, no assembly required,more stable.

2, Spindle with water cooling, which keeps the spindle at a constant temperature and maintains longevity.

3, Large power water cooling Spindle,low noise and more accurate.

4, Compatibility software:Type 3, Artcarm, Castmate, Proe, Corelerow.
 

Technical parameters of CNC wood router
 

Description Parameters
Working size 1300x2500x200mm or Customized
Machine structure Welded Steel
Working Accuracy

<0.05/300mm

Repositioning Accuracy ±0.03mm
Table Surface T-slot worktable Vacuum table+5.5kw vacuum pump
X, Y Structure Rack and Pinion Drive, Linear CZPT rail
Z Structure ZheJiang Rail Linear Bearings and Ball Screw
Max. Power Consumption (Without spindle) 3.0KW
Max. Rapid Travel Rate 33000mm/min
Max. Working Speed 25000mm/min
Spindle Power Motor 3KW (4.5kw /5.5kw optional)
Spindle Speed 0-24000RPM
Drive Motors Leadshine, YAKO, Delta
Working Voltage AC380V/50/60Hz,3PH (Option: 220V)
Command Language G code
Operating System DSP / NC studio / Syntec
Computer Interface USB
Software Compatibility Type3 / Ucancam / Artcam
Running Environment Temperature 0°C~45°C
Relative humidity 30%~75%

Features of wood CNC router:

1. China water-cooling Spindle or Italy CZPT Air Cooling Spindle
Top brand of the world. Spindle speed: 0-24000RPM

2. Inverter ZheJiang Delta Inverter
It can output 150% of rated torque at zero speed, and it can have “point to point” and relative
distance control functions for position control.

3. Motor and Drive
Stepper Motor, big power.
YAKO Drive and CZPT 860H Drive can run with smaller noise, lower heating, smoother
movement and have better performances at higher speed

4. Control system
DSP handle controller or ZheJiang SYNTEC Control System
Imported SYNTEC high performance control system, separated keyboard control, color LCD display.

5. Transmission system
ZheJiang TBI Ball Screw and Gear and Rack, ZheJiang HINWIN or ABBA Linear Rail
HG series linear guideway can achieve a long life with high speed, highly accurate and smooth
linear motion.

6. Working table T-slot and Vacuum Table
Rigid vacuum table with grids and T-slots maximizes the vacuum hold-down and also enables you
to clamp the workpiece in place.

Details of woodworking cnc router

Applications of Woodworking CNC Router

Outdoor advertising: materials cutting and engraving, display rack, light boxes, 3D letters, reliefs, sign boards, plates, logos, emblems.

Woodworking: carving patterns or designs on woodwork, decoration, wood carving, cutting chipboard, furniture making, etc.

Metal industry: nonferrous metal cutting, milling, drilling, engraving, marking, grinding

Furniture: wooden doors,cabinets,plate,office and wood furniture,tables,chair,doors and windows.

The wood products:voice box,game cabinets,computer tables,sewing Machine table,instruments.

Plate processing:Insulation part,plastic chemical components,PBC,inner body of car,bowling tracks,stairs,anti-Bateboard,epoxy resin,ABS,PP,PE and other carbon mixed compounds.

Decoration industry:Acrylic,PVC,MDF,artificial stone,organic glass,plastic and soft metals such as copper multiple function

Packaging & Shipping

1. UNISTAR CNC machine and accessories are covered by plastic sheet first.
2. Then the whole machine is packed by plywood case used for export. 
3. UNISTAR CNC machine can be delivered by sea, by train, or by plane depending on customers.

Delivery Detail:

Shipped in 15-30 working days after payment.

Guarantee:

2 years warranty for the whole machine. Within 24 months under normal use and maintenance, if something is wrong with the machine, you will get spare part for free. After 24 months, you will get spare parts at cost price. You will also get technical support and service all the lifetime.

Technical support:

1. Technical support by phone, email or WhatsApp/Skype around the clock.
2. Friendly English version manual and operation video CD disk.
3. If needed, we can send our engineer to your site for training or you can send the operator to our factory for training.

After sales services: 

Normal machine is properly adjusted before dispatch. You will be CZPT to use the machine immediately after received machine. Besides, you will be CZPT to get free training advice towards our machine in our factory. You will also get free suggestion and consultation, technical support and service by email/WhatsApp/tel etc.

FAQ

Q: There are so many machine types, which 1 should I choose?
A: Kahan Laser provides machine parameters in each product demo page, please kindly check technical data column. It is important to compare all data before choose the best prototype. Also, our sales team provides online services to resolve your confusion, feel free to contact us.

Q:This is my first time buying your machine; I have no ideas about Kahan’s machines quality?
A: Each machine is strictly produced based on the standard of ISO9000-2000, ISO14001-2004, GMC global manufacturer and CE certifications. Our products have CE certifications verified by TÜV SÜD, Bureau Veritas and etc. As china high-power laser cutting machine provider, more than 10,000 machines have been sold in the past 10 years. Customer is our first priority. We are confident to tell customers that there is no need to worry about our quality.

Q: When I got this machine, but I don’t know how to use it. What should I do?
A:There are videos and English manual with the machine. If you still have some doubts, we can talk by telephone or email.

Q: If some problems happen to this machine during warranty period, what should I do?
A: We will supply free parts during machine warranty period if machine have some problems. While we also supply free life long after-sales service. If you have any question,just contact us freely.

Contact  us 

Lily Li

HangZhou Unistar Machinery CO,LTD
 
 
 
 

The Functions of Splined Shaft Bearings

Splined shafts are the most common types of bearings for machine tools. They are made of a wide variety of materials, including metals and non-metals such as Delrin and nylon. They are often fabricated to reduce deflection. The tooth profile will become deformed with time, as the shaft is used over a long period of time. Splined shafts are available in a huge range of materials and lengths.

Functions

Splined shafts are used in a variety of applications and industries. They are an effective anti-rotational device, as well as a reliable means of transmitting torque. Other types of shafts are available, including key shafts, but splines are the most convenient for transmitting torque. The following article discusses the functions of splines and why they are a superior choice. Listed below are a few examples of applications and industries in which splines are used.
Splined shafts can be of several styles, depending on the application and mechanical system in question. The differences between splined shaft styles include the design of teeth, overall strength, transfer of rotational concentricity, sliding ability, and misalignment tolerance. Listed below are a few examples of splines, as well as some of their benefits. The difference between these styles is not mutually exclusive; instead, each style has a distinct set of pros and cons.
A splined shaft is a cylindrical shaft with teeth or ridges that correspond to a specific angular position. This allows a shaft to transfer torque while maintaining angular correspondence between tracks. A splined shaft is defined as a cylindrical member with several grooves cut into its circumference. These grooves are equally spaced around the shaft and form a series of projecting keys. These features give the shaft a rounded appearance and allow it to fit perfectly into a grooved cylindrical member.
While the most common applications of splines are for shortening or extending shafts, they can also be used to secure mechanical assemblies. An “involute spline” spline has a groove that is wider than its counterparts. The result is that a splined shaft will resist separation during operation. They are an ideal choice for applications where deflection is an issue.
A spline shaft’s radial torsion load distribution is equally distributed, unless a bevel gear is used. The radial torsion load is evenly distributed and will not exert significant load concentration. If the spline couplings are not aligned correctly, the spline connection can fail quickly, causing significant fretting fatigue and wear. A couple of papers discuss this issue in more detail.
splineshaft

Types

There are many different types of splined shafts. Each type features an evenly spaced helix of grooves on its outer surface. These grooves are either parallel or involute. Their shape allows them to be paired with gears and interchange rotary and linear motion. Splines are often cold-rolled or cut. The latter has increased strength compared to cut spines. These types of shafts are commonly used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smoothness.
Another difference between internal and external splined shafts lies in the manufacturing process. The former is made of wood, while the latter is made of steel or a metal alloy. The process of manufacturing splined shafts involves cutting furrows into the surface of the material. Both processes are expensive and require expert skill. The main advantage of splined shafts is their adaptability to a wide range of applications.
In general, splined shafts are used in machinery where the rotation is transferred to an internal splined member. This member can be a gear or some other rotary device. These types of shafts are often packaged together as a hub assembly. Cleaning and lubricating are essential to the life of these components. If you’re using them on a daily basis, you’ll want to make sure to regularly inspect them.
Crowned splines are usually involute. The teeth of these splines form a spiral pattern. They are used for smaller diameter shafts because they add strength. Involute splines are also used on instrument drives and valve shafts. Serration standards are found in the SAE. Both kinds of splines can also contain a ball bearing for high torque. The difference between the 2 types of splines is the number of teeth on the shaft.
Internal splines have many advantages over external ones. For example, an internal spline shaft can be made using a grinding wheel instead of a CNC machine. It also uses a more accurate and economical process. Furthermore, it allows for a shorter manufacturing cycle, which is essential when splining high-speed machines. In addition, it stabilizes the relative phase between the spline and thread.
splineshaft

Manufacturing methods

There are several methods used to fabricate a splined shaft. Key and splined shafts are constructed from 2 separate parts that are shaped in a synchronized manner to transfer torque uniformly. Hot rolling is 1 method, while cold rolling utilizes low temperatures to form metal. Both methods enhance mechanical properties, surface finishes, and precision. The advantage of cold rolling is its cost-effectiveness.
Cold forming is 1 method, as well as machining and assembling. Cold forming is a unique process that allows the spline to be shaped to the desired shape. The resulting shape provides maximum contact area and torsional strength. Standard splines are available in standard sizes, but custom lengths can also be ordered. CZPT offers various auxiliary equipment, such as mating sleeves and flanged bushings.
Cold forging is another method. This method produces long splined shafts that are used in automobile propellers. After the spline portion is cut out, it is worked on in a hobbing machine. Work hardening enhances the root strength of the splined portion. It can be used for bearings, gears, and other mechanical components. Listed below are the manufacturing methods for splined shafts.
Parallel splines are the simplest of the splined shaft manufacturing methods. Parallel splines are usually welded to shafts, while involute splines are made of metal or non-metals. Splines are available in a wide variety of lengths and materials. The process is usually accompanied by a process called milling. The workpiece rotates to produce the serrated surface.
Splines are internal or external grooves in a splined shaft. They work in combination with keyways to transfer torque. Male and female splines are used in gears. Female and male splines correspond to 1 another to ensure proper angular correspondence. Involute splines have more surface area and thus are stronger than external splines. Moreover, they help the shaft fit into a grooved cylindrical member without misalignment.
A variety of other methods of manufacturing a splined shaft can be used to produce a splined shaft. Spline shafts can be produced using broaching and shaping, 2 precision machining methods. Broaching uses a metal tool with successively larger teeth to remove metal and create ridges and holes in the surface of a material. However, this process is expensive and requires special expertise.
splineshaft

Applications

The splined shaft is a mechanical component with a helix-like shape formed by the equal spacing of grooves in a circular ring. The splines can either have parallel or involute sides. The splines minimize stress concentration in stationary joints and can be used in both rotary and linear motion. In some cases, splines are rolled rather than cut. The latter is more durable than cut splines and is often used in applications requiring high strength, accuracy, and smooth finish.
Splined shafts are commonly made of carbon steel. This alloy steel has a low carbon content, making it easy to work with. Carbon steel is a great choice for splines because it is malleable. Generally, high-quality carbon steel provides a consistent motion. Steel alloys are also available that contain nickel, chromium, copper, and other metals. If you’re unsure of the right material for your application, you can consult a spline chart.
Splines are a versatile mechanical component. They are easy to cut and fit. Splines can be internal or external, with teeth positioned at equal intervals on both sides of the shaft. This allows the shaft to engage with the hub around the entire circumference of the hub. It also increases load capacity by creating a constant multiple-tooth point of contact with the hub. For this reason, they’re used extensively in rotary and linear motion.
Splined shafts are used in a wide variety of industries. CZPT Inc. offers custom and standard splined shafts for a variety of applications. When choosing a splined shaft for a specific application, consider the surrounding mated components, torque requirements, and size requirements. These 3 factors will make it the ideal choice for your rotary equipment. And you’ll be pleased with the end result!
There are many types of splines and their applications are endless. They transfer torque and angular misalignment between parts, and they also enable the axial rotation of assembled components. Therefore, splines are an essential component of machinery and are used in a wide range of applications. This type of shaft can be found in various types of machines, from household appliances to industrial machinery. So, the next time you’re looking for a splined shaft, make sure you look for a splined one.

China Standard Factory 3D Woodworking Machine Wood Cutting Machine CNC Router   wholesaler China Standard Factory 3D Woodworking Machine Wood Cutting Machine CNC Router   wholesaler

China Professional Low Cost Metal Sheet Plate Steel Round Pipe Profile 5 Axis CNC Plasma Cutting Machine with Free Design Custom

Product Description

CNC Pipe and Sheet Plasma Cutting Machine

can cut metal plate and metal pipe.

Main Features

1.Good Working stability, high frequency interfere effectively plasma, lightweight portable;
2.Support 2 cutting ways of flame and plasma;
3.Economic benefits, the structure and design is contracted. it adopts humanistic positive man-machine conversation and operate easily;
4.Cutting has high quality, high effect level, high precision;
5.Programmable cutting arbitrary shape parts of line and arc;
6.Dynamic and static graphic display, easy to learn. 
Can convert CAD file to program file in computer, through USB flash drive transmits to machine to realize cutting all kinds’ graphs. 
And also can program and operate directly on the machine.
7.English and Chinese interface can free to convert;
8.Pre-sale will train and after-sale will track service.

Application

  • Applicable Industry:
    Mechanical & Electrical equipment, stainless steel products, construction & decoration industry, billboard, sheet metal structure, high-low voltage electric cabinet, kitchenware, car accessories, saw bits, precision metal parts, metal art-ware, etc.
  • Applicable Materials:
    Stainless steel sheet & hollow pipe, Carbon steel sheet & hollow pipe, Stainless Iron sheet & hollow pipe, Galvanized sheet & hollow pipe, Manganese steel, Electrolytic plate, Aluminum alloy, Titanium alloy, Titanium alloy, Aluminum Brass, Rare metal, etc.

 Parameter 

Model Parameter

CNC pipe and plate plasma cutting machine 

Model

  1325

  1530

   2040

Working size

1300*2500mm

1500*3000mm

2000*4000mm

Rang of pipe diamter (Diameter)
 
30-400 mm 

Three axes Repeat positioning accuracy

±0.05mm

Process precision 

±0.35mm

Transmission system

X,Y ZheJiang  AMT high-precision,zero clearance increased linear guide+ rack

Z the arc voltage control

 cutting speed

V ≤2000mm/min  

Working voltage     

AC380/50HZ        

Control system

ZheJiang  START plasma cutting system

Standard high sensitivity arc voltage device

Software support

FASTCAM,AutoCAD and else 

Instruction format

G code

Drive system

Stepper motor (Optional ZheJiang  AC servo motor)

Plasma power

Domestic Xihu (West Lake) Dis. 60A-200A

Imported US Powermax 60A-000A

Power cutting ability

Domestic Xihu (West Lake) Dis. 0.5-35mm

US Powermax series 0.5-35mm

Moving speed 

V = 10-2000 mm/ min 

 

 

Screw Shaft Types and Uses

Various uses for the screw shaft are numerous. Its major diameter is the most significant characteristic, while other aspects include material and function are important. Let us explore these topics in more detail. There are many different types of screw shafts, which include bronze, brass, titanium, and stainless steel. Read on to learn about the most common types. Listed below are some of the most common uses for a screw shaft. These include: C-clamps, screw jacks, vises, and more.
screwshaft

Major diameter of a screw shaft

A screw’s major diameter is measured in fractions of an inch. This measurement is commonly found on the screw label. A screw with a major diameter less than 1/4″ is labeled #0 to #14; those with a larger diameter are labeled fractions of an inch in a corresponding decimal scale. The length of a screw, also known as the shaft, is another measure used for the screw.
The major diameter of a screw shaft is the greater of its 2 outer diameters. When determining the major diameter of a screw, use a caliper, micrometer, or steel rule to make an accurate measurement. Generally, the first number in the thread designation refers to the major diameter. Therefore, if a screw has a thread of 1/2-10 Acme, the major diameter of the thread is.500 inches. The major diameter of the screw shaft will be smaller or larger than the original diameter, so it’s a good idea to measure the section of the screw that’s least used.
Another important measurement is the pitch. This measures the distance between 1 thread’s tip and the next thread’s corresponding point. Pitch is an important measurement because it refers to the distance a screw will advance in 1 turn. While lead and pitch are 2 separate concepts, they are often used interchangeably. As such, it’s important to know how to use them properly. This will make it easier to understand how to select the correct screw.
There are 3 different types of threads. The UTS and ISO metric threads are similar, but their common values for Dmaj and Pmaj are different. A screw’s major diameter is the largest diameter, while the minor diameter is the lowest. A nut’s major diameter, or the minor diameter, is also called the nut’s inside diameter. A bolt’s major diameter and minor diameter are measured with go/no-go gauges or by using an optical comparator.
The British Association and American Society of Mechanical Engineers standardized screw threads in the 1840s. A standard named “British Standard Whitworth” became a common standard for screw threads in the United States through the 1860s. In 1864, William Sellers proposed a new standard that simplified the Whitworth thread and had a 55 degree angle at the tip. Both standards were widely accepted. The major diameter of a screw shaft can vary from 1 manufacturer to another, so it’s important to know what size screw you’re looking for.
In addition to the thread angle, a screw’s major diameter determines the features it has and how it should be used. A screw’s point, or “thread”, is usually spiky and used to drill into an object. A flat tipped screw, on the other hand, is flat and requires a pre-drilled hole for installation. Finally, the diameter of a screw bolt is determined by the major and minor diameters.
screwshaft

Material of a screw shaft

A screw shaft is a piece of machine equipment used to move raw materials. The screw shaft typically comprises a raw material w. For a particular screw to function correctly, the raw material must be sized properly. In general, screw shafts should have an axial-direction length L equal to the moving amount k per 1/2 rotation of the screw. The screw shaft must also have a proper contact angle ph1 in order to prevent raw material from penetrating the screw shaft.
The material used for the shaft depends on its application. A screw with a ball bearing will work better with a steel shaft than 1 made of aluminum. Aluminum screw shafts are the most commonly used for this application. Other materials include titanium. Some manufacturers also prefer stainless steel. However, if you want a screw with a more modern appearance, a titanium shaft is the way to go. In addition to that, screws with a chromium finish have better wear resistance.
The material of a screw shaft is important for a variety of applications. It needs to have high precision threads and ridges to perform its function. Manufacturers often use high-precision CNC machines and lathes to create screw shafts. Different screw shafts can have varying sizes and shapes, and each 1 will have different applications. Listed below are the different materials used for screw shafts. If you’re looking for a high-quality screw shaft, you should shop around.
A lead screw has an inverse relationship between contact surface pressure and sliding velocity. For heavier axial loads, a reduced rotation speed is needed. This curve will vary depending on the material used for the screw shaft and its lubrication conditions. Another important factor is end fixity. The material of a screw shaft can be either fixed or free, so make sure to consider this factor when choosing the material of your screw. The latter can also influence the critical speed and rigidity of the screw.
A screw shaft’s major diameter is the distance between the outer edge of the thread and the inner smooth part. Screw shafts are typically between 2 and 16 millimeters in diameter. They feature a cylindrical shape, a pointy tip, and a wider head and drive than the former. There are 2 basic types of screw heads: threaded and non-threaded. These have different properties and purposes.
Lead screws are a cost-effective alternative to ball screws, and are used for low power and light to medium-duty applications. They offer some advantages, but are not recommended for continuous power transmission. But lead screws are often quieter and smaller, which make them useful for many applications. Besides, they are often used in a kinematic pair with a nut object. They are also used to position objects.
screwshaft

Function of a screw shaft

When choosing a screw for a linear motion system, there are many factors that should be considered, such as the position of the actuator and the screw and nut selection. Other considerations include the overall length of travel, the fastest move profile, the duty cycle, and the repeatability of the system. As a result, screw technology plays a critical role in the overall performance of a system. Here are the key factors to consider when choosing a screw.
Screws are designed with an external threading that digs out material from a surface or object. Not all screw shafts have complete threading, however. These are known as partially threaded screws. Fully threaded screws feature complete external threading on the shaft and a pointed tip. In addition to their use as fasteners, they can be used to secure and tighten many different types of objects and appliances.
Another factor to consider is axial force. The higher the force, the bigger the screw needs to be. Moreover, screws are similar to columns that are subject to both tension and compression loads. During the compression load, bowing or deflection is not desirable, so the integrity of the screw is important. So, consider the design considerations of your screw shaft and choose accordingly. You can also increase the torque by using different shaft sizes.
Shaft collars are also an important consideration. These are used to secure and position components on the shaft. They also act as stroke limiters and to retain sprocket hubs, bearings, and shaft protectors. They are available in several different styles. In addition to single and double split shaft collars, they can be threaded or set screw. To ensure that a screw collar will fit tightly to the shaft, the cap must not be overtightened.
Screws can be cylindrical or conical and vary in length and diameter. They feature a thread that mates with a complementary helix in the material being screwed into. A self-tapping screw will create a complementary helix during driving, creating a complementary helix that allows the screw to work with the material. A screw head is also an essential part of a screw, providing gripping power and compression to the screw.
A screw’s pitch and lead are also important parameters to consider. The pitch of the screw is the distance between the crests of the threads, which increases mechanical advantage. If the pitch is too small, vibrations will occur. If the pitch is too small, the screw may cause excessive wear and tear on the machine and void its intended purpose. The screw will be useless if it can’t be adjusted. And if it can’t fit a shaft with the required diameter, then it isn’t a good choice.
Despite being the most common type, there are various types of screws that differ in their functions. For example, a machine screw has a round head, while a truss head has a lower-profile dome. An oval-its point screw is a good choice for situations where the screw needs to be adjusted frequently. Another type is a soft nylon tip, which looks like a Half-dog point. It is used to grip textured or curved surfaces.

China Professional Low Cost Metal Sheet Plate Steel Round Pipe Profile 5 Axis CNC Plasma Cutting Machine   with Free Design CustomChina Professional Low Cost Metal Sheet Plate Steel Round Pipe Profile 5 Axis CNC Plasma Cutting Machine   with Free Design Custom

China Hot selling Carbon Steel /Aluminum/ Metal CNC Plasma Tube Cutting Machine Steel Pipe Cutting Machine near me shop

Product Description

CE quality cnc plasma flame metal steel automatic pipe cutting machine Metal Tube hypertherm plasma Cutting Machine
Introduction
Suitable for cutting the cylinder branch, two, 3 or more layer saddle cutting of the main pipe.
ZLQ seriers CNC Steel pipe cutter is special CNC equipment which is used for cutting metal pipe automatically. It can reslize auto program and auto CNC nesting work for any complicated joint type of intertube and pipe and non-inter tube. And can cut any type welding bevel at 1 time. This product is widely used for steel structure, ship building, bridge and heavy machine industries.

Cutting technical specifications:
1. Cutting steel type: Round & square
2. Figures can be cut: Variety of graphics by outspreading intersecting line, can be with bevel
3. Control Axes: 3-4-5-6 axies, bevel cutting with 6 spindle and six-interlocking.
4. Diameter: 30-1000mm or customize (bigger dia. )
5. Thickness of the pipe: Flame: 5-200mm, plasma: 1-60mm
6. Bevel cutting range: Flame 60degree, plasma 30, 45degree.
7. Cutting way: Plasma or /and gas
8. Pipe max length: ≥ 6m
9. Pipe clamping method: Chuck
10. Power-driven: High-precision AC servo+dedicated planetary reducer
11. Control System: A dedicated intersecting line cutting system: 6-axis controlled, with quantitative intersecting line cutting macro library
Performance and precision mechanical movement indicators
ZLQ-65 intersection Cutting Machine CNC positioning accuracy, repeatability reach JB / T 5102-99 standard, cutting up JB/T10045.3-1999 quality standards, cutting roughness Ra ≤ 12.5μ M.
Requirements of the moving parts in the work process run smoothly and without noticeable vibration ( beat ) phenomenon.
1, the workpiece rotary drive

Drive System Precision gear box,: Gear transmission
Speed: 0.1-25 rpm / min
Japanese CZPT servo: A5 Series AC servo system
Reset Accuracy: ± 0.5mm
Adjustment range: 6-1000

2, CZPT the car moved axially along the workpiece
Precision Drive System: ZheJiang Planetary gear box, gear, rack gear
Effective stroke: 12000mm CZPT car
Japanese CZPT servo: A5 Series AC servo system
Reset Accuracy: ± 0.5mm

3, CZPT fan axial plane workpiece swing axle

Precision Drive System: ZheJiang Planetary gear box, gear, rack gear
Swing angle: 30 ° -150 °
Japanese CZPT servo: A5 Series AC servo system
Positioning accuracy of ± 0.3 °
4, CZPT the car moves up and down shaft

Drive system: Linear guide, ball screw drive to pay
Torch the car up and down stroke determine: The form of the cutter ( cutting diameter compliance requirements )
Japanese CZPT servo: A5 Series AC servo system
Reset Accuracy: ± 0.2mm
5, the workpiece CZPT fan oscillating axle radial plane
Drive system: Curved rack ( arms drive )
Swing angle: 30 ° -150 °
Japanese CZPT servo: A5 Series AC servo system
Positioning accuracy: ± 0.3 °

6, the auxiliary measurement axis: Profiling measurements and the pipe surface to prevent collisions with the torch

7, the CZPT moves back and forth along the tube axis radial
Drive system: Linear guide, rack size
Move forward and backward stroke: 500mm
Japanese CZPT servo: A5 Series AC servo system
Mobile accuracy: ± 0.2mm

Cutting video:

 NO.  ITEM  PARAMETERS
 1.  pipe diameter  Φ=30~1000mm
 2.  Cutting mode  Flame & plasma 
 3.  Flame cutting thickness  δ 5mm-180mm
 4.  Plasma cutting pipe thickness  1-32mm
 5.  Guid rail  15,000mm
 6.  Effective cutting pipe length  12,000mm
 7.  pipe ovality  ≤1%
 8.  Cutting speed  V≤5000mm/min
 9.  translational speed V0=10~6000 mm/min
 10.  Cutting torch axial direction swing angle  α=±45°  Maxα=±60°
 11.  Cutting torch  radial direction  swing angle  β=±45°
 12. Loading capacity  3,000Kg
     
 kinematic axis  Axis choice  6 axis
 X axis:  Pipe rotating axis  YES
 Y axis:  Torch along pipe axial direction horizontal migration   YES
 A axis:  torch long pipe axial direction vertical swing   YES
 Z axis:  Torch  vertical movement   YES
 B axis:  torch along pipe  radial direction  horizontal swing   YES
 w axis:  torch along pipe  radial direction  horizontal migration   YES

 Cut Sample:

 Package Picture:

 
Our Factory:

Customer Visit:

CE&ISO Certificate:

FAQ:
1. Are you factory or foreign trade company?
We are over 17 years experienced manufacturers, large-scale production of CNC cutting machine.

2. Where is your factory located? How can I visit there? 
Our factory is located in HangZhou, ZheJiang . We will meet you at airport or train station. Warmly welcome to visit us! 

3. What’s the quality of your products? 
We are very focused on the quality of the products, All spare parts of this machine come with best brand and best quality, after completing the installation we will test the machine for 48 hours. Our factory has gained CE, ISO9001 authentication.

4. What shall we do if don’t know how to operate your machine after bought from you? 
We have detailed installation and operating instructions attached, also comes with video, it is very simple. We have telephone and email support at 24 hours a day.

5. What other things also need after we bought your machines? 
(1) With flame cutting: oxygen and fuel gas.
(2) With plasma cutting: air compressor. Plasma power is purchased by us, so that we can debug online, and we all need very good plasma power to ensure quality.

6. What are your payment terms? 
We support T/T, L/C, Western Union, Alibaba Trade Assurance and so on. Other ways can also be received after we both sides discussion and agreement.

Contact Me:
AlisonChen 

What is a drive shaft?

If you notice a clicking noise while driving, it is most likely the driveshaft. An experienced auto mechanic will be able to tell you if the noise is coming from both sides or from 1 side. If it only happens on 1 side, you should check it. If you notice noise on both sides, you should contact a mechanic. In either case, a replacement driveshaft should be easy to find.
air-compressor

The drive shaft is a mechanical part

A driveshaft is a mechanical device that transmits rotation and torque from the engine to the wheels of the vehicle. This component is essential to the operation of any driveline, as the mechanical power from the engine is transmitted to the PTO (power take-off) shaft, which hydraulically transmits that power to connected equipment. Different drive shafts contain different combinations of joints to compensate for changes in shaft length and angle. Some types of drive shafts include connecting shafts, internal constant velocity joints, and external fixed joints. They also contain anti-lock system rings and torsional dampers to prevent overloading the axle or causing the wheels to lock.
Although driveshafts are relatively light, they need to handle a lot of torque. Torque applied to the drive shaft produces torsional and shear stresses. Because they have to withstand torque, these shafts are designed to be lightweight and have little inertia or weight. Therefore, they usually have a joint, coupling or rod between the 2 parts. Components can also be bent to accommodate changes in the distance between them.
The drive shaft can be made from a variety of materials. The most common material for these components is steel, although alloy steels are often used for high-strength applications. Alloy steel, chromium or vanadium are other materials that can be used. The type of material used depends on the application and size of the component. In many cases, metal driveshafts are the most durable and cheapest option. Plastic shafts are used for light duty applications and have different torque levels than metal shafts.

It transfers power from the engine to the wheels

A car’s powertrain consists of an electric motor, transmission, and differential. Each section performs a specific job. In a rear-wheel drive vehicle, the power generated by the engine is transmitted to the rear tires. This arrangement improves braking and handling. The differential controls how much power each wheel receives. The torque of the engine is transferred to the wheels according to its speed.
The transmission transfers power from the engine to the wheels. It is also called “transgender”. Its job is to ensure power is delivered to the wheels. Electric cars cannot drive themselves and require a gearbox to drive forward. It also controls how much power reaches the wheels at any given moment. The transmission is the last part of the power transmission chain. Despite its many names, the transmission is the most complex component of a car’s powertrain.
The driveshaft is a long steel tube that transmits mechanical power from the transmission to the wheels. Cardan joints connect to the drive shaft and provide flexible pivot points. The differential assembly is mounted on the drive shaft, allowing the wheels to turn at different speeds. The differential allows the wheels to turn at different speeds and is very important when cornering. Axles are also important to the performance of the car.

It has a rubber boot that protects it from dust and moisture

To keep this boot in good condition, you should clean it with cold water and a rag. Never place it in the dryer or in direct sunlight. Heat can deteriorate the rubber and cause it to shrink or crack. To prolong the life of your rubber boots, apply rubber conditioner to them regularly. Indigenous peoples in the Amazon region collect latex sap from the bark of rubber trees. Then they put their feet on the fire to solidify the sap.
air-compressor

it has a U-shaped connector

The drive shaft has a U-joint that transfers rotational energy from the engine to the axle. Defective gimbal joints can cause vibrations when the vehicle is in motion. This vibration is often mistaken for a wheel balance problem. Wheel balance problems can cause the vehicle to vibrate while driving, while a U-joint failure can cause the vehicle to vibrate when decelerating and accelerating, and stop when the vehicle is stopped.
The drive shaft is connected to the transmission and differential using a U-joint. It allows for small changes in position between the 2 components. This prevents the differential and transmission from remaining perfectly aligned. The U-joint also allows the drive shaft to be connected unconstrained, allowing the vehicle to move. Its main purpose is to transmit electricity. Of all types of elastic couplings, U-joints are the oldest.
Your vehicle’s U-joints should be inspected at least twice a year, and the joints should be greased. When checking the U-joint, you should hear a dull sound when changing gears. A clicking sound indicates insufficient grease in the bearing. If you hear or feel vibrations when shifting gears, you may need to service the bearings to prolong their life.

it has a slide-in tube

The telescopic design is a modern alternative to traditional driveshaft designs. This innovative design is based on an unconventional design philosophy that combines advances in material science and manufacturing processes. Therefore, they are more efficient and lighter than conventional designs. Slide-in tubes are a simple and efficient design solution for any vehicle application. Here are some of its benefits. Read on to learn why this type of shaft is ideal for many applications.
The telescopic drive shaft is an important part of the traditional automobile transmission system. These driveshafts allow linear motion of the 2 components, transmitting torque and rotation throughout the vehicle’s driveline. They also absorb energy if the vehicle collides. Often referred to as foldable driveshafts, their popularity is directly dependent on the evolution of the automotive industry.
air-compressor

It uses a bearing press to replace worn or damaged U-joints

A bearing press is a device that uses a rotary press mechanism to install or remove worn or damaged U-joints from a drive shaft. With this tool, you can replace worn or damaged U-joints in your car with relative ease. The first step involves placing the drive shaft in the vise. Then, use the 11/16″ socket to press the other cup in far enough to install the clips. If the cups don’t fit, you can use a bearing press to remove them and repeat the process. After removing the U-joint, use a grease nipple Make sure the new grease nipple is installed correctly.
Worn or damaged U-joints are a major source of driveshaft failure. If 1 of them were damaged or damaged, the entire driveshaft could dislocate and the car would lose power. Unless you have a professional mechanic doing the repairs, you will have to replace the entire driveshaft. Fortunately, there are many ways to do this yourself.
If any of these warning signs appear on your vehicle, you should consider replacing the damaged or worn U-joint. Common symptoms of damaged U-joints include rattling or periodic squeaking when moving, rattling when shifting, wobbling when turning, or rusted oil seals. If you notice any of these symptoms, take your vehicle to a qualified mechanic for a full inspection. Neglecting to replace a worn or damaged u-joint on the driveshaft can result in expensive and dangerous repairs and can cause significant damage to your vehicle.

China Hot selling Carbon Steel /Aluminum/ Metal CNC Plasma Tube Cutting Machine Steel Pipe Cutting Machine   near me shop China Hot selling Carbon Steel /Aluminum/ Metal CNC Plasma Tube Cutting Machine Steel Pipe Cutting Machine   near me shop

China Standard 1325 CNC Wood Router 3 Axis CNC Milling Machine Woodworking Engraving Machine near me shop

Product Description

Factory supply  3d woodworking CNC router Wood cutting machine for  MDF, aluminum, PVC
Wood working CNC router machine 1325 for wood
Breakpoint memory, can continue to work after power off & breaking knife

Product Description

1, Welded, no assembly required,more stable.

2, Spindle with water cooling, which keeps the spindle at a constant temperature and maintains longevity.

3, Large power water cooling Spindle,low noise and more accurate.

4, Compatibility software:Type 3, Artcarm, Castmate, Proe, Corelerow.
 

Technical parameters of CNC wood router
 

Description Parameters
Working size 13 
            571-8610-1507
Fax: 571-8610-1763
    

Types of Screw Shafts

Screw shafts come in various types and sizes. These types include fully threaded, Lead, and Acme screws. Let’s explore these types in more detail. What type of screw shaft do you need? Which 1 is the best choice for your project? Here are some tips to choose the right screw:

Machined screw shaft

The screw shaft is a basic piece of machinery, but it can be further customized depending on the needs of the customer. Its features include high-precision threads and ridges. Machined screw shafts are generally manufactured using high-precision CNC machines or lathes. The types of screw shafts available vary in shape, size, and material. Different materials are suitable for different applications. This article will provide you with some examples of different types of screw shafts.
Ball screws are used for a variety of applications, including mounting machines, liquid crystal devices, measuring devices, and food and medical equipment. Various shapes are available, including miniature ball screws and nut brackets. They are also available without keyway. These components form a high-accuracy feed mechanism. Machined screw shafts are also available with various types of threaded ends for ease of assembly. The screw shaft is an integral part of linear motion systems.
When you need a machined screw shaft, you need to know the size of the threads. For smaller machine screws, you will need a mating part. For smaller screw sizes, the numbers will be denominated as industry Numeric Sizes. These denominations are not metric, but rather in mm, and they may not have a threads-per-inch designation. Similarly, larger machine screws will usually have threads that have a higher pitch than those with a lower pitch.
Another important feature of machine screws is that they have a thread on the entire shaft, unlike their normal counterparts. These machine screws have finer threads and are intended to be screwed into existing tapped holes using a nut. This means that these screws are generally stronger than other fasteners. They are usually used to hold together electronic components, industrial equipment, and engines. In addition to this, machine screws are usually made of a variety of materials.
screwshaft

Acme screw

An Acme screw is the most common type of threaded shaft available. It is available in a variety of materials including stainless steel and carbon steel. In many applications, it is used for large plates in crushing processes. ACME screws are self-locking and are ideal for applications requiring high clamping force and low friction. They also feature a variety of standard thread forms, including knurling and rolled worms.
Acme screws are available in a wide range of sizes, from 1/8″ to 6″. The diameter is measured from the outside of the screw to the bottom of the thread. The pitch is equal to the lead in a single start screw. The lead is equal to the pitch plus the number of starts. A screw of either type has a standard pitch and a lead. Acme screws are manufactured to be accurate and durable. They are also widely available in a wide range of materials and can be customized to fit your needs.
Another type of Acme screw is the ball screw. These have no back drive and are widely used in many applications. Aside from being lightweight, they are also able to move at faster speeds. A ball screw is similar to an Acme screw, but has a different shape. A ball screw is usually longer than an Acme screw. The ball screw is used for applications that require high linear speeds. An Acme screw is a common choice for many industries.
There are many factors that affect the speed and resolution of linear motion systems. For example, the nut position and the distance the screw travels can all affect the resolution. The total length of travel, the speed, and the duty cycle are all important. The lead size will affect the maximum linear speed and force output. If the screw is long, the greater the lead size, the higher the resolution. If the lead length is short, this may not be the most efficient option.
screwshaft

Lead screw

A lead screw is a threaded mechanical device. A lead screw consists of a cylindrical shaft, which includes a shallow thread portion and a tightly wound spring wire. This spring wire forms smooth, hard-spaced thread convolutions and provides wear-resistant engagement with the nut member. The wire’s leading and trailing ends are anchored to the shaft by means appropriate to the shaft’s composition. The screw is preferably made of stainless steel.
When selecting a lead screw, 1 should first determine its critical speed. The critical speed is the maximum rotations per minute based on the natural frequency of the screw. Excessive backlash will damage the lead screw. The maximum number of revolutions per minute depends on the screw’s minor diameter, length, assembly alignment, and end fixity. Ideally, the critical speed is 80% of its evaluated critical speed. A critical speed is not exceeded because excessive backlash would damage the lead screw and may be detrimental to the screw’s performance.
The PV curve defines the safe operating limits of a lead screw. This relationship describes the inverse relationship between contact surface pressure and sliding velocity. As the PV value increases, a lower rotation speed is required for heavier axial loads. Moreover, PV is affected by material and lubrication conditions. Besides, end fixity, which refers to the way the lead screw is supported, also affects its critical speed. Fixed-fixed and free end fixity are both possible.
Lead screws are widely used in industries and everyday appliances. In fact, they are used in robotics, lifting equipment, and industrial machinery. High-precision lead screws are widely used in the fields of engraving, fluid handling, data storage, and rapid prototyping. Moreover, they are also used in 3D printing and rapid prototyping. Lastly, lead screws are used in a wide range of applications, from measuring to assembly.

Fully threaded screw

A fully threaded screw shaft can be found in many applications. Threading is an important feature of screw systems and components. Screws with threaded shafts are often used to fix pieces of machinery together. Having fully threaded screw shafts ensures that screws can be installed without removing the nut or shaft. There are 2 major types of screw threads: coarse and fine. When it comes to coarse threads, UTS is the most common type, followed by BSP.
In the 1840s, a British engineer named Joseph Whitworth created a design that was widely used for screw threads. This design later became the British Standard Whitworth. This standard was used for screw threads in the United States during the 1840s and 1860s. But as screw threads evolved and international standards were established, this system remained largely unaltered. A new design proposed in 1864 by William Sellers improved upon Whitworth’s screw threads and simplified the pitch and surface finish.
Another reason for using fully threaded screws is their ability to reduce heat. When screw shafts are partially threaded, the bone grows up to the screw shaft and causes the cavity to be too narrow to remove it. Consequently, the screw is not capable of backing out. Therefore, fully threaded screws are the preferred choice for inter-fragmentary compression in children’s fractures. However, surgeons should know the potential complication when removing metalwork.
The full thread depth of a fully threaded screw is the distance at which a male thread can freely thread into the shaft. This dimension is typically 1 millimeter shy of the total depth of the drilled hole. This provides space for tap lead and chips. The full-thread depth also makes fully threaded screws ideal for axially-loaded connections. It is also suitable for retrofitting applications. For example, fully threaded screws are commonly used to connect 2 elements.
screwshaft

Ball screw

The basic static load rating of a ball screw is determined by the product of the maximum axial static load and the safety factor “s0”. This factor is determined by past experience in similar applications and should be selected according to the design requirements of the application. The basic static load rating is a good guideline for selecting a ball screw. There are several advantages to using a ball screw for a particular application. The following are some of the most common factors to consider when selecting a ball screw.
The critical speed limit of a ball screw is dependent on several factors. First of all, the critical speed depends on the mass, length and diameter of the shaft. Second, the deflection of the shaft and the type of end bearings determine the critical speed. Finally, the unsupported length is determined by the distance between the ball nut and end screw, which is also the distance between bearings. Generally, a ball screw with a diameter greater than 1.2 mm has a critical speed limit of 200 rpm.
The first step in manufacturing a high-quality ball screw is the choice of the right steel. While the steel used for manufacturing a ball screw has many advantages, its inherent quality is often compromised by microscopic inclusions. These microscopic inclusions may eventually lead to crack propagation, surface fatigue, and other problems. Fortunately, the technology used in steel production has advanced, making it possible to reduce the inclusion size to a minimum. However, higher-quality steels can be expensive. The best material for a ball screw is vacuum-degassed pure alloy steel.
The lead of a ball screw shaft is also an important factor to consider. The lead is the linear distance between the ball and the screw shaft. The lead can increase the amount of space between the balls and the screws. In turn, the lead increases the speed of a screw. If the lead of a ball screw is increased, it may increase its accuracy. If not, the lead of a ball screw can be improved through preloading, lubrication, and better mounting accuracy.

China Standard 1325 CNC Wood Router 3 Axis CNC Milling Machine Woodworking Engraving Machine   near me shop China Standard 1325 CNC Wood Router 3 Axis CNC Milling Machine Woodworking Engraving Machine   near me shop

China OEM Trade Assurance Metal CNC 1500*3000mm 4000W Fiber Laser Cutting Machine with Good quality

Product Description

Acme Laser CNC Fiber Laser Cutting machine LP-3015D Exchange platform and Full Cover

MachineDetails

Cutting Capability of IPG

RESONATOR IPG YLS-1KW YLS-2KW YLS-3KW YLS-4KW YLS-6KW
Power (W) 1000 2000 3000 4000 6000
Recommended cooling power (kW) 2,1 4,2 6,4 8,5 12,6
Electrical supply (kW) 3,1 6,1 9,1 12,1 18,2
Maximum sheet thickness:          
Steel (mm) 10 15 20 20 25
Stainless Steel (mm) 4 8 12 15 20
Aluminium (mm) 2 6 12 12 15
Brass (mm) 2 4 6 8 10
Copper (mm) 2 4 6 8 10

Transportation

 
 
APPLICATION
 

Especially for Filing Cabinet, Kitchen ware, refrigerator, car and train cover cabinet, Chassis and Cabinets, rotors and so on production, and material sheet thickness less than 2mm carbon steel, stainless steel, silicon steel, galvanized steel and other metal roll materials. 

Why Choose Fiber Laser for Stainless Steel, Mild Steel and Aluminum, etc., ?
More companies than ever before are investing in fiber lasers. While the automotive industry was undoubtedly the early adopter, this relatively new solution is being snapped up across the board and when you consider the advantages, it’s easy to see why. 

EXTRA SPEED
The sheer speed of fiber laser markers makes them the first choice for customers looking to increase efficiency. They’re the fastest laser marking technology at their wavelength, delivering marking times of less than 1 second for some applications. While older, more established laser technology is available-including diode-pumped solid-state (DPSS) lasers, lamp-pumped lasers, and carbon dioxide (CO2) lasers-none can beat a fiber laser for combined mark speed and quality. 
This means fiber lasers can break new ground. For example, 1 of Laser Lines’ customers is an automotive component manufacturer that needs to mark serial codes exceptionally fast-in under half a second-which wouldn’t be possible with any other type of laser. 

ENERGY EFFECIENCY
Despite being faster, fiber lasers are energy-efficient compared to the alternatives. Not only does this result in reduced power consumption, but it also helps make the system simpler, smaller, and more reliable.
Fiber laser technology uses basic air cooling rather than an additional chiller unit, which would be costly and cumbersome. With many businesses finding both cash and floor space in short supply, compact and efficient fiber laser marking solutions are proving to be the right fit.

LONG LIFE
The life expectancy of a fiber laser far exceeds that of other laser solutions. In fact, the diode module in a fiber laser typically last 3 times longer than other technologies. Most lasers have a life of around 30,000 hours, which typically equates to about 15 years’ use. 
Fiber lasers have an expected life of around 100,000 hours, which means about 45 years’ use. Saying that, will companies still be using the same fiber laser in 45 years? I doubt it! Regardless, this option does deliver an impressive return on investment.

About us

A XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. FOR FINDING THE RIGHT LASER CUTTING MACHINE
For most manufacturers, buying an industrial laser cutting machine is a major investment. It’s not just the initial price you pay, but the fact that the purchase will have a great impact on the entire manufacturing process. If the wrong equipment is chosen, you have to live with the decision for quite a long time. It is not unusual to see manufacturers keep a laser for 7 to 10 years.
Do you know the best way to go about purchasing a laser cutting machine? Even if you currently own one, how long ago did you buy it, and what has changed since then?
This CZPT should help you in making a capital purchase decision that will drive your manufacturing operations to new heights.

What’s the Application?

Perhaps the real question is, “Should I even be buying a laser cutting machine?” For many reasons, investing in a different cutting system may make more sense for a company’s manufacturing activities. Investigating all available options can minimize any possible regrets in the future.

Do We Really Need to Invest in Laser Cutting?

A company that doesn’t have a laser cutting machine generally subcontracts the work to 1 or several job shops with that capability. This scenario doesn’t involve a lot of risk and can work if you have some flexibility with lead times.
But there will come that time when you have to ask yourself if it is time for the company to bring laser cutting in-house. This has to be considered even if the business relationship with the subcontractor is great.
How do you know if it is the right time to own a laser? Look at how much you are spending monthly for laser-cut parts. In the words of Henry Ford, “If you need a machine and don’t buy it, then you will ultimately find that you have paid for it and don’t have it.”

What Is the True Cost of Running the Equipment?

With such a large investment, a manufacturer needs to know at what level of efficiency the equipment is operating. You need to know more than just if the machine is running or not running. This is where equipment performance monitoring comes in.
It’s important for you to find out if software can measure the laser cutting machine’s overall equipment efficiency (OEE) in real time. If so, can the software be used for your other laser cutting machines, if you have them, so that you might discover “hidden capacity” where you thought there was none?
With the cost of about 1 percent of the equipment price, monitoring software can provide a 10 to 50 percent productivity gain with paybacks of less than 4 months.
 

What Can Be Done to Make the Purchasing Decision Easier?

Answering these questions and obtaining quotes based on the feedback can be used to narrow down the selection of the supplier of a laser cutting machine to 2 to 3 sources. From there you need to find the right model, ask the right questions during equipment demonstrations, and work toward an acceptable price. Remember, there are many important items to discuss during the final negotiation.
The purchase of such a machine can be an overwhelming task. That’s why it might make sense to join an industry association, such as the Fabricators & Manufacturers Association, to network with manufacturing peers to learn from them, or even seek out the assistance of someone that has been through or is familiar with this type of industrial equipment purchase. Such an effort likely would prove to be worthwhile.

 

Applications of Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a highly effective means of connecting 2 or more components. These types of couplings are very efficient, as they combine linear motion with rotation, and their efficiency makes them a desirable choice in numerous applications. Read on to learn more about the main characteristics and applications of spline couplings. You will also be able to determine the predicted operation and wear. You can easily design your own couplings by following the steps outlined below.
splineshaft

Optimal design

The spline coupling plays an important role in transmitting torque. It consists of a hub and a shaft with splines that are in surface contact without relative motion. Because they are connected, their angular velocity is the same. The splines can be designed with any profile that minimizes friction. Because they are in contact with each other, the load is not evenly distributed, concentrating on a small area, which can deform the hub surface.
Optimal spline coupling design takes into account several factors, including weight, material characteristics, and performance requirements. In the aeronautics industry, weight is an important design factor. S.A.E. and ANSI tables do not account for weight when calculating the performance requirements of spline couplings. Another critical factor is space. Spline couplings may need to fit in tight spaces, or they may be subject to other configuration constraints.
Optimal design of spline couplers may be characterized by an odd number of teeth. However, this is not always the case. If the external spline’s outer diameter exceeds a certain threshold, the optimal spline coupling model may not be an optimal choice for this application. To optimize a spline coupling for a specific application, the user may need to consider the sizing method that is most appropriate for their application.
Once a design is generated, the next step is to test the resulting spline coupling. The system must check for any design constraints and validate that it can be produced using modern manufacturing techniques. The resulting spline coupling model is then exported to an optimisation tool for further analysis. The method enables a designer to easily manipulate the design of a spline coupling and reduce its weight.
The spline coupling model 20 includes the major structural features of a spline coupling. A product model software program 10 stores default values for each of the spline coupling’s specifications. The resulting spline model is then calculated in accordance with the algorithm used in the present invention. The software allows the designer to enter the spline coupling’s radii, thickness, and orientation.
splineshaft

Characteristics

An important aspect of aero-engine splines is the load distribution among the teeth. The researchers have performed experimental tests and have analyzed the effect of lubrication conditions on the coupling behavior. Then, they devised a theoretical model using a Ruiz parameter to simulate the actual working conditions of spline couplings. This model explains the wear damage caused by the spline couplings by considering the influence of friction, misalignment, and other conditions that are relevant to the splines’ performance.
In order to design a spline coupling, the user first inputs the design criteria for sizing load carrying sections, including the external spline 40 of the spline coupling model 30. Then, the user specifies torque margin performance requirement specifications, such as the yield limit, plastic buckling, and creep buckling. The software program then automatically calculates the size and configuration of the load carrying sections and the shaft. These specifications are then entered into the model software program 10 as specification values.
Various spline coupling configuration specifications are input on the GUI screen 80. The software program 10 then generates a spline coupling model by storing default values for the various specifications. The user then can manipulate the spline coupling model by modifying its various specifications. The final result will be a computer-aided design that enables designers to optimize spline couplings based on their performance and design specifications.
The spline coupling model software program continually evaluates the validity of spline coupling models for a particular application. For example, if a user enters a data value signal corresponding to a parameter signal, the software compares the value of the signal entered to the corresponding value in the knowledge base. If the values are outside the specifications, a warning message is displayed. Once this comparison is completed, the spline coupling model software program outputs a report with the results.
Various spline coupling design factors include weight, material properties, and performance requirements. Weight is 1 of the most important design factors, particularly in the aeronautics field. ANSI and S.A.E. tables do not consider these factors when calculating the load characteristics of spline couplings. Other design requirements may also restrict the configuration of a spline coupling.

Applications

Spline couplings are a type of mechanical joint that connects 2 rotating shafts. Its 2 parts engage teeth that transfer load. Although splines are commonly over-dimensioned, they are still prone to fatigue and static behavior. These properties also make them prone to wear and tear. Therefore, proper design and selection are vital to minimize wear and tear on splines. There are many applications of spline couplings.
A key design is based on the size of the shaft being joined. This allows for the proper spacing of the keys. A novel method of hobbing allows for the formation of tapered bases without interference, and the root of the keys is concentric with the axis. These features enable for high production rates. Various applications of spline couplings can be found in various industries. To learn more, read on.
FE based methodology can predict the wear rate of spline couplings by including the evolution of the coefficient of friction. This method can predict fretting wear from simple round-on-flat geometry, and has been calibrated with experimental data. The predicted wear rate is reasonable compared to the experimental data. Friction evolution in spline couplings depends on the spline geometry. It is also crucial to consider the lubrication condition of the splines.
Using a spline coupling reduces backlash and ensures proper alignment of mated components. The shaft’s splined tooth form transfers rotation from the splined shaft to the internal splined member, which may be a gear or other rotary device. A spline coupling’s root strength and torque requirements determine the type of spline coupling that should be used.
The spline root is usually flat and has a crown on 1 side. The crowned spline has a symmetrical crown at the centerline of the face-width of the spline. As the spline length decreases toward the ends, the teeth are becoming thinner. The tooth diameter is measured in pitch. This means that the male spline has a flat root and a crowned spline.
splineshaft

Predictability

Spindle couplings are used in rotating machinery to connect 2 shafts. They are composed of 2 parts with teeth that engage each other and transfer load. Spline couplings are commonly over-dimensioned and are prone to static and fatigue behavior. Wear phenomena are also a common problem with splines. To address these issues, it is essential to understand the behavior and predictability of these couplings.
Dynamic behavior of spline-rotor couplings is often unclear, particularly if the system is not integrated with the rotor. For example, when a misalignment is not present, the main response frequency is 1 X-rotating speed. As the misalignment increases, the system starts to vibrate in complex ways. Furthermore, as the shaft orbits depart from the origin, the magnitudes of all the frequencies increase. Thus, research results are useful in determining proper design and troubleshooting of rotor systems.
The model of misaligned spline couplings can be obtained by analyzing the stress-compression relationships between 2 spline pairs. The meshing force model of splines is a function of the system mass, transmitting torque, and dynamic vibration displacement. This model holds when the dynamic vibration displacement is small. Besides, the CZPT stepping integration method is stable and has high efficiency.
The slip distributions are a function of the state of lubrication, coefficient of friction, and loading cycles. The predicted wear depths are well within the range of measured values. These predictions are based on the slip distributions. The methodology predicts increased wear under lightly lubricated conditions, but not under added lubrication. The lubrication condition and coefficient of friction are the key factors determining the wear behavior of splines.

China OEM Trade Assurance Metal CNC 1500*3000mm 4000W Fiber Laser Cutting Machine   with Good qualityChina OEM Trade Assurance Metal CNC 1500*3000mm 4000W Fiber Laser Cutting Machine   with Good quality

China OEM 5D CNC Wood Engraving Machine / 3D CNC Wood Carving Machine near me supplier

Product Description

MJ1325 Woodworking Engraving Machine

Technical Specification:
 

Spindle power 4.5 kw
Spindle speed 2463917189
 
 
 

Screw Sizes and Their Uses

Screws have different sizes and features. This article will discuss screw sizes and their uses. There are 2 main types: right-handed and left-handed screw shafts. Each screw features a point that drills into the object. Flat tipped screws, on the other hand, need a pre-drilled hole. These screw sizes are determined by the major and minor diameters. To determine which size of screw you need, measure the diameter of the hole and the screw bolt’s thread depth.

The major diameter of a screw shaft

The major diameter of a screw shaft is the distance from the outer edge of the thread on 1 side to the tip of the other. The minor diameter is the inner smooth part of the screw shaft. The major diameter of a screw is typically between 2 and 16 inches. A screw with a pointy tip has a smaller major diameter than 1 without. In addition, a screw with a larger major diameter will have a wider head and drive.
The thread of a screw is usually characterized by its pitch and angle of engagement. The pitch is the angle formed by the helix of a thread, while the crest forms the surface of the thread corresponding to the major diameter of the screw. The pitch angle is the angle between the gear axis and the pitch surface. Screws without self-locking threads have multiple starts, or helical threads.
The pitch is a crucial component of a screw’s threading system. Pitch is the distance from a given thread point to the corresponding point of the next thread on the same shaft. The pitch line is 1 element of pitch diameter. The pitch line, or lead, is a crucial dimension for the thread of a screw, as it controls the amount of thread that will advance during a single turn.
screwshaft

The pitch diameter of a screw shaft

When choosing the appropriate screw, it is important to know its pitch diameter and pitch line. The pitch line designates the distance between adjacent thread sides. The pitch diameter is also known as the mean area of the screw shaft. Both of these dimensions are important when choosing the correct screw. A screw with a pitch of 1/8 will have a mechanical advantage of 6.3. For more information, consult an application engineer at Roton.
The pitch diameter of a screw shaft is measured as the distance between the crest and the root of the thread. Threads that are too long or too short will not fit together in an assembly. To measure pitch, use a measuring tool with a metric scale. If the pitch is too small, it will cause the screw to loosen or get stuck. Increasing the pitch will prevent this problem. As a result, screw diameter is critical.
The pitch diameter of a screw shaft is measured from the crest of 1 thread to the corresponding point on the next thread. Measurement is made from 1 thread to another, which is then measured using the pitch. Alternatively, the pitch diameter can be approximated by averaging the major and minor diameters. In most cases, the pitch diameter of a screw shaft is equal to the difference between the two.

The thread depth of a screw shaft

Often referred to as the major diameter, the thread depth is the outermost diameter of the screw. To measure the thread depth of a screw, use a steel rule, micrometer, or caliper. In general, the first number in the thread designation indicates the major diameter of the thread. If a section of the screw is worn, the thread depth will be smaller, and vice versa. Therefore, it is good practice to measure the section of the screw that receives the least amount of use.
In screw manufacturing, the thread depth is measured from the crest of the screw to the root. The pitch diameter is halfway between the major and minor diameters. The lead diameter represents the amount of linear distance traveled in 1 revolution. As the lead increases, the load capacity decreases. This measurement is primarily used in the construction of screws. However, it should not be used for precision machines. The thread depth of a screw shaft is essential for achieving accurate screw installation.
To measure the thread depth of a screw shaft, the manufacturer must first determine how much material the thread is exposed to. If the thread is exposed to side loads, it can cause the nut to wedge. Because the nut will be side loaded, its thread flanks will contact the nut. The less clearance between the nut and the screw, the lower the clearance between the nut and the screw. However, if the thread is centralized, there is no risk of the nut wedgeing.
screwshaft

The lead of a screw shaft

Pitch and lead are 2 measurements of a screw’s linear distance per turn. They’re often used interchangeably, but their definitions are not the same. The difference between them lies in the axial distance between adjacent threads. For single-start screws, the pitch is equal to the lead, while the lead of a multi-start screw is greater than the pitch. This difference is often referred to as backlash.
There are 2 ways to calculate the pitch and lead of a screw. For single-start screws, the lead and pitch are equal. Multiple-start screws, on the other hand, have multiple starts. The pitch of a multiple-start screw is the same as its lead, but with 2 or more threads running the length of the screw shaft. A square-thread screw is a better choice in applications requiring high load-bearing capacity and minimal friction losses.
The PV curve defines the safe operating limits of lead screw assemblies. It describes the inverse relationship between contact surface pressure and sliding velocity. As the load increases, the lead screw assembly must slow down in order to prevent irreversible damage from frictional heat. Furthermore, a lead screw assembly with a polymer nut must reduce rpm as the load increases. The more speed, the lower the load capacity. But, the PV factor must be below the maximum allowed value of the material used to make the screw shaft.

The thread angle of a screw shaft

The angle between the axes of a thread and the helix of a thread is called the thread angle. A unified thread has a 60-degree angle in all directions. Screws can have either a tapped hole or a captive screw. The screw pitch is measured in millimeters (mm) and is usually equal to the screw major diameter. In most cases, the thread angle will be equal to 60-degrees.
Screws with different angles have various degrees of thread. Originally, this was a problem because of the inconsistency in the threading. However, Sellers’s thread was easier to manufacture and was soon adopted as a standard throughout the United States. The United States government began to adopt this thread standard in the mid-1800s, and several influential corporations in the railroad industry endorsed it. The resulting standard is called the United States Standard thread, and it became part of the ASA’s Vol. 1 publication.
There are 2 types of screw threads: coarse and fine. The latter is easier to tighten and achieves tension at lower torques. On the other hand, the coarse thread is deeper than the fine one, making it easier to apply torque to the screw. The thread angle of a screw shaft will vary from bolt to bolt, but they will both fit in the same screw. This makes it easier to select the correct screw.
screwshaft

The tapped hole (or nut) into which the screw fits

A screw can be re-threaded without having to replace it altogether. The process is different than that of a standard bolt, because it requires threading and tapping. The size of a screw is typically specified by its major and minor diameters, which is the inside distance between threads. The thread pitch, which is the distance between each thread, is also specified. Thread pitch is often expressed in threads per inch.
Screws and bolts have different thread pitches. A coarse thread has fewer threads per inch and a longer distance between threads. It is therefore larger in diameter and longer than the material it is screwed into. A coarse thread is often designated with an “A” or “B” letter. The latter is generally used in smaller-scale metalworking applications. The class of threading is called a “threaded hole” and is designated by a letter.
A tapped hole is often a complication. There is a wide range of variations between the sizes of threaded holes and nut threads, so the tapped hole is a critical dimension in many applications. However, even if you choose a threaded screw that meets the requisite tolerance, there may be a mismatch in the thread pitch. This can prevent the screw from freely rotating.

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China wholesaler CNC Plasma Cutter / Square Round Tube Pipe Steel CNC Flame Plasma Cutting Machine near me shop

Product Description

cnc plasma cutter / square round tube pipe steel cnc flame plasma cutting machine

Product Description

Features of square pipe plasma cutting machine

 

1.This machine is mainly used for metal Square&Round tube cutting. LCD operate panel can prompt kinds of operating ways which makes operation more convenient and simple, which can cut metal into different complex shapes.

2.Machine frame with welded lathe bed of thick-wall profiled steel, more solid and stable.

3.High precision ZheJiang square guid rail and high efficiency Rack gear which surface is carburizing and quenching.

4.Lower noise, stable and accurate coordinates movement.

5.Driving system is Servo system to make sure whole machine can run with
smoothly in a wider speed range, short acceleration time

6.CZPT height controller can adjust the best cutting distance automatically, to confirm working piece high precision cutting.

Application

Applicable shape:
* Intersection cylindrical hole cutting of different directions and diameters on main pipe for vertical
*Intersection between branch pipe and main pipe
*Intersection cylindrical end cutting on brand pipe for vertical intersection between branch pipe and main pipe
*Bevel cutting on pipe end
*Welding elbow cutting on pipe
*Branch pipe intersection end cutting connected with ring main pipe
*Square hole and branch hole cutting on pipe
*Cutting off of pipes

Applicable field:

Applies in cars, motorcycles, pressure vessels, chemical machinery, nuclear industry, general machinery, engineering machinery, steel structure, shipbuilding and other industries

Product Parameters

Specification of square pipe plasma cutting machine

No. Model CA-6000
1 Working length 6000mm (Can be customized)
2 Pipe max profile 200mm diameter (Can be customized)
3 Processing Material Square/ Circular/Rectangular pipe
4 Cutting method Plasma
5 Max travel speed 0-50000mm/min
6 Cutting speed 0-10000 mm/min
7 Running accuracy ≤0.1mm
8 Cutting thickness According to the power supply( 0-200mm)
9 Cutting gas Air
10 Gas pressure 0.4-0.8Mpa for normal plasma power
11 Drive system Dual drive
12 Motor and driver Leashine 758 servo motor
13 X, Y axis High Quality Rack & Pinion and ZheJiang linear rail
14 Power Supply LGK or Hypertherm(any other brand also is ok)
15 Voltage  Machine: single phase 220v 50hz/60hz
16 Arc type Untouched Type
17 THC FangLing CZPT height controller
18 Working Materials Stainless steel/Iron, Aluminum, Galvanized , Titanium

Detailed Photos

01.Professional FanLing 430 control system with LCD screen and original TubeMaster software support square pipes,round pipes,H shape U shape cutting etc…Built-in auto THC controller can adjust CZPT height automatically.

02.Dual drive with front and rear 4 jaws chuck to support pipes stably.

03.Xihu (West Lake) Dis. LGK and USA Hypertherm plasma source optional ,different power were applied for different cutting thickness.

04.Heavy machine frame duty ensure the stable performance for thick and long pipes processing,with dust proof on X,Y,Z axis.

05.Upgraded Pneumatic 4 Jaw chuck optional

Packaging & Shipping

To better ensure the safety of your machine, professional, environmentally friendly, convenient, and efficient packaging services will be provided. Save space as much aspossible for container loading.

1) Foam and wrapping film on the surface of the machine inside. Rain-proof, Dustproof.
2) Standard export plywood case. Upwards, moistureproof shipping marks. Safety guaranteed.
3) Fumigation-free
4) With shipping mark if you like
5) Outside: Marked packing size, model, weight, and other information

After Sales Service

CAMEL CNC provides 3 types of After-Sales service
Hot-line support,Email-support,and On-Site Machine installation
 

You could choose any type for your convenience details as below:
 

1 After receiving machine clients could install in CZPT of video and instructions provided

2 lf you have any question during installation or operation,we will assist via Skype, Whatsapp, Teamviewer or other tools online until clients can operate machine skilfully

3 If client needs,we could provide sample drawings for testing

4 lf clients need on-site installation and training we will charge $200 per day as well as round train costs for sending technician and local Accommodation or you could contact your sales manager for discussing details

5 Our company will contact clients on machine working status feedback new requirements or good suggestions regularly and revert back to our company functional departments to improve our machines or service

 

Company Profile

HangZhou CZPT CNC Machinery Co., Ltd.

HangZhou CZPT CNC Machinery Co., Ltd. locates in HangZhou City, ZheJiang Province where is the hometown of CNC machines, our company is an enterprise specializing in marketing and R&D of laser cutting machine, CNC router, plasma cutting machine, panel furniture production line, CNC wood lathe etc, especially on fiber laser cutting machine which used for metal industry, at present we have developed 10,000w, 20,000w, 30,000w big power for thick metal cutting, it with stable and rapid cutting performance which already got a leading position in the laser cutting machine industry.

Our people includes professional sales personnel, technical engineers, after-sales service personnel etc. our transport scope has completed air ,land and sea transport chain. Adhering to a professional, serious and responsible attitude, we insist on “only build superior machines”. Now CZPT CNC machines have obtained C E certification and S G S organization on-site inspection. Committing to providing customers with high quality products, competitive prices and excellent services.

 

For years’ development, our efforts bring us stable customers from home and abroad. Our machines have exported to Europe, Africa, Mid east, America, Oceania and Southeast Asia, etc. With superior performance to price ratio, high quality and perfect after-sales service, now our production facilities occupies China’s forefront in development and expansion and will unceasingly develop and innovate with our full enthusiasm, to carry forward our brand and offer better products for our users.

 

FAQ

Q1: How to choose a suitable machine?
You can tell us the working piece material, size, and the request of machine function. We can recommend the most suitable machine according to our experience.

Q2: This is the first time I buy the machine, is it easy to operate?
We can provide the operation manual or video for guiding. If it is hard for you learning, we can also help you by “Team viewer”online, with telephone or Skype explain.

Q3: Can you customize the machine for me?
Yes, we provide customized solution, but considering the cost, we will recommend the standard configuration to you first.

Q4: What is the guarantee? In case the machine break down?
The machine has 1 year guarantee, fail parts will be replaced for free if the machine under “normal operation”.

Q5: How about the documents after shipment?
We will send all the documents by air after shipment. Including packing list, commercial invoice, B/L, and other certificates
required by clients.

Q6: Delivery time?
For standard machine, it would be 7-10 working days; for non-standard machine, it would be 20 – 30 working days.

Q7: How is the payment?
Normally we accept T/T or L/C, if you like other terms, tell us in advance.

Q8: Do you arrange the shipment for me?
For FOB or CIF price, we will arrange shipment for you, for EXW price, you should arrange the shipment by yourself.

Q9: How is the packing?
Step1: water proof wrapping film with foam protection in each corner.
Step2: Solid seaworthy wood box package with steel belt.
Step3: Save space as much as possible for container loading.

Axle Spindle Types and Installation

Are you looking for a new axle spindle for your vehicle? If so, you’ve come to the right place. Learn more about their types, functions, and installation. After reading this article, you’ll be well on your way to finding your new axle spindle. Axle spindles are essential to your vehicle. There are several types and each has unique characteristics. Here’s how to choose the best 1 for your car.

Dimensions

Axle spindle dimensions are crucial for safe wheel support. This component experiences significant stress and load during bearing mounting and must provide sufficient strength. The axle spindle can be hot-forged or shaped to include an integral shoulder. The shape of the bearing stop region must be abruptly transitioned from a straight to a curved configuration. Dimensions of axle spindle vary with different materials, manufacturing techniques, and applications.
The bearing surfaces of the axle spindle are 1.376 inches across, while the bearing spacer is 1.061 inch across. The axle spindle is 1.376 inches long and includes a cotter pin and nut. Typical axle spindle dimensions are listed below. Some axles may have additional components to reduce their weight, while others may not have any. The number of axles and bearings is also important to consider when determining the dimensions of the axle.
The outside shape of the axle spindle 40 is similar to that of the prior art spindle 10. The outer wheel bearing region 44 is cylindrical with a diameter D 1 and an inner wheel bearing region 46. An axially-separating transition region 48 separates the inner bearing region 46 from the outer wheel bearing region 44. It is important to note that the internal diameter is generally slightly larger than the outer wheel bearing region 46.
Axle spindles can be integrally formed or welded to the housing or central beam. They can also be designed differently depending on the intended function. For example, the trailer axle spindle may have a circular or rectangular cross section. Once again, axle spindles are important for safety and longevity, so it is important to know their dimensions. You can also check online for the dimensions of axle spindles.
Driveshaft

Function

Axle spindles are crucial components of a vehicle’s suspension system. They enable a vehicle to move forward, turn, brake, and accelerate. The axle also supports the wheel bearings. In addition to supporting the wheel hub, the axle spindle connects the arms of each wheel to the chassis. This piece is also known as a steering knuckle. The axle spindle’s job is to provide sufficient strength to support the axle.
The functional elements of an axle spindle are cylindrical and have a transition region and an outer surface with an irregular pattern. They have a first and a second diameter, and are shaped to form the spindle’s beam portion and spindle region. The transition region forms a pivotal connection between the axle and the suspension. It also provides the connection between the axle and the trailer. It allows a vehicle to rotate without causing excessive vibrations.
Axle spindles can be circular in structure and are similar to those of the prior art. They support wheel hub configurations. The first end of a spindle is threaded, while the second end is open. The outer wheel bearing region has an outer surface with a diameter D1, while the inner wheel bearing region 46 has a cylindrical outer surface with a diameter D2. The transition region separates the spindle from the rest of the axle.
The spindle nut retains the wheel hub on the spindle, whereas the spindle nut holds the hub assembly in place. A spindle nut retains the wheel on the spindle. A hub cap protects the locking nut assembly and lubrication area. A hub cap is also a common component of the axle. The hub cap also provides a protective shield for the spindle nut.
Steering axle spindles do not extend to the right of the oil seal. They extend from the steering kunckle, which is pivotally joined to the steering axle beam. Despite the differences in bearing seals, wheel hub mounting means, and brake assemblies, the basic spindle configuration is the same. A spindle consists of 2 axially separated bearing regions, 1 with a larger diameter than the other, with a bearing stop adjacent to the inner bearing region.
Driveshaft

Types

The axle is the basic unit of an automobile, and it includes several components. Among these are bearings, axle housings, and wheel hubs. Bearings and axle housings take on all of the radial loads placed on them during operation. As a result, they are necessary to ensure that a vehicle is able to function at its optimum level. But if you’re not sure what these components are, they can make all the difference in your ride.
Axle type depends on a number of factors, including the amount of force produced. In some cases, the vehicle already has pre-designed axles that come in standard formats, but in other cases, a customer can order a custom-made axle for the specific needs of his vehicle. Customized axles give the vehicle operator greater control over the speed and torque of the wheels. To choose the correct axle type for your vehicle, it’s helpful to know the measurements of the axle.
Axle gear sets and lubrication passages are also different. Reverse-cut gears can’t be used in place of standard cut gears, and vice-versa. The 2 types of axle are compatible, but the spline count of the differential case must match that of the axle. It’s important to remember that a different type of axle may work with a different type of machine tool.
Different axle spindle materials have their own advantages and disadvantages. Some are more durable than others, depending on their load capacity. Disc brake hubs and axle spindles are similar to the non-braking ones, but include a rotor and a caliper yoke. The yoke design on the rotor or caliper spindle is specific for each rotor.
Bearing-type axles are the most durable. They transfer the weight of the vehicle to the axle casing. The axle housing is retained by a flange bolted to the hub, and the axle bearings are secured on the spindle by a large nut. Alternatively, axles with bearings are supported solely on the axle spindle and don’t require a hub. Floating axles are typically better for long-term operation, but may be a limited choice for vehicles.
Driveshaft

Installation

Axle spindle installation involves tightening the axle spindle nut to retain the spacer and bearing cones in position. When properly tightened, the axle spindle nut provides the clamp force required to compress the bearing spacer and bearing cone. Preloading is an important part of axle spindle installation because it optimizes bearing life by limiting the tolerance range of end play. Here are some tips on axle spindle installation.
To start the process, you should remove the axle spindle from the vehicle. If the old spindle is not a bolt-on type, a technician will need to cut the weld that holds the axle spindle in place. Then, he or she would need to thread the new spindle back into place. The axle tube must be threaded to accept the new spindle. Once the axle spindle is properly installed, the technician will need to tighten it to the specified torque.
Once the axle spindle is installed, the technician will continue tightening the nut assembly. To ensure a tight grip, the technician will rotate the outer washer while adjusting the torque level on the axle spindle nut. If the nut is not correctly torqued, it may loosen the axle spindle. In addition, improper torque can cause excessive inboard pressure on the outer nut, which can result in over or under-compression of the bearing cone.
The second axle spindle includes an inboard bearing 54 and an outboard bearing 56. The inboard bearing has an inboard surface that abuts the shoulder 26 of the axle spindle. The outboard bearing 57 is mounted on the axle spindle near its outboard end. A bearing spacer 58 is positioned between the inboard and outboard bearings. The spacer and bearing cone group comprises the bearing cones 54 and 56.
Proper alignment of the new spindle is essential for a secure fit. Taking your trailer to a licensed repair facility for a trailer spindle installation is a good idea, as a poorly installed axle can result in improper wheel tracking and premature tire wear. A licensed trailer repair facility can do this for you without much difficulty. This way, you won’t waste your time or frustration on a DIY trailer axle replacement.

China wholesaler CNC Plasma Cutter / Square Round Tube Pipe Steel CNC Flame Plasma Cutting Machine   near me shop China wholesaler CNC Plasma Cutter / Square Round Tube Pipe Steel CNC Flame Plasma Cutting Machine   near me shop

China best Ce Certificate DSP Control Wood CNC Router Machine Woodworking Cutting Customized with Great quality

Product Description

Factory supply  3d woodworking CNC router Wood cutting machine for  MDF, aluminum, PVC
Wood working CNC router machine 1325 for wood
Breakpoint memory, can continue to work after power off & breaking knife

Product Description

1, Welded, no assembly required,more stable.

2, Spindle with water cooling, which keeps the spindle at a constant temperature and maintains longevity.

3, Large power water cooling Spindle,low noise and more accurate.

4, Compatibility software:Type 3, Artcarm, Castmate, Proe, Corelerow.

Technical parameters of CNC wood router
 

Description Parameters
Working size 1300x2500x200mm or Customized
Machine structure Welded Steel
Working Accuracy

<0.05/300mm

Repositioning Accuracy ±0.03mm
Table Surface T-slot worktable Vacuum table+5.5kw vacuum pump
X, Y Structure Rack and Pinion Drive, Linear guide rail
Z Structure ZheJiang  Rail Linear Bearings and Ball Screw
Max. Power Consumption (Without spindle) 3.0KW
Max. Rapid Travel Rate 33000mm/min
Max. Working Speed 25000mm/min
Spindle Power Motor 3KW (4.5kw /5.5kw optional)
Spindle Speed 0-24000RPM
Drive Motors Leadshine, YAKO, Delta
Working Voltage AC380V/50/60Hz,3PH (Option: 220V)
Command Language G code
Operating System DSP / NC studio / Syntec
Computer Interface USB
Software Compatibility Type3 / Ucancam / Artcam
Running Environment Temperature 0°C~45°C
Relative humidity 30%~75%

Features of wood CNC router:

1. China water-cooling Spindle or Italy CZPT Air Cooling Spindle
Top brand of the world. Spindle speed: 0-24000RPM.

2. Inverter ZheJiang Delta Inverter
It can output 150% of rated torque at zero speed, and it can have “point to point” and relative
distance control functions for position control.

3. Motor and Drive
Stepper Motor, big power.
YAKO Drive and Leadshine 860H Drive can run with smaller noise, lower heating, smoother
movement and have better performances at higher speed.

4. Control system
DSP handle controller or ZheJiang SYNTEC Control System
Imported SYNTEC high performance control system, separated keyboard control, color LCD display.

5. Transmission system
ZheJiang TBI Ball Screw and Gear and Rack, ZheJiang HINWIN or ABBA Linear Rail
HG series linear guideway can achieve a long life with high speed, highly accurate and smooth
linear motion.

6. Working table T-slot and Vacuum Table
Rigid vacuum table with grids and T-slots maximizes the vacuum hold-down and also enables you
to clamp the workpiece in place.

Details of woodworking cnc router

Applications of Woodworking CNC Router

Outdoor advertising: materials cutting and engraving, display rack, light boxes, 3D letters, reliefs, sign boards, plates, logos, emblems.

Woodworking: carving patterns or designs on woodwork, decoration, wood carving, cutting chipboard, furniture making, etc.

Metal industry: nonferrous metal cutting, milling, drilling, engraving, marking, grinding.

Furniture: wooden doors,cabinets,plate,office and wood furniture,tables,chair,doors and windows.

The wood products:voice box,game cabinets,computer tables,sewing Machine table,instruments.

Plate processing:Insulation part,plastic chemical components,PBC,inner body of car,bowling tracks,stairs,anti-Bateboard,epoxy resin,ABS,PP,PE and other carbon mixed compounds.

Decoration industry:Acrylic,PVC,MDF,artificial stone,organic glass,plastic and soft metals such as copper multiple function.

Packaging & Shipping

1. Kahan CNC machine and accessories are covered by plastic sheet first.
2. Then the whole machine is packed by plywood case used for export. 
3. Kahan CNC machine can be delivered by sea, by train, or by plane depending on customers.

Delivery Detail:

Shipped in 15-30 working days after payment.

Guarantee:

1 year warranty for the whole machine. Within 12 months under normal use and maintenance, if something is wrong with the machine, you will get spare part for free. After 12 months, you will get spare parts at cost price. You will also get technical support and service all the lifetime.

Technical support:

1. Technical support by phone, email or WhatsApp/Skype around the clock.
2. Friendly English version manual and operation video CD disk.
3. If needed, we can send our engineer to your site for training or you can send the operator to our factory for training.

After sales services: 

Normal machine is properly adjusted before dispatch. You will be CZPT to use the machine immediately after received machine. Besides, you will be CZPT to get free training advice towards our machine in our factory. You will also get free suggestion and consultation, technical support and service by email/WhatsApp/tel etc.

FAQ

Q: There are so many machine types, which 1 should I choose?
A: Kahan Laser provides machine parameters in each product demo page, please kindly check technical data column. It is important to compare all data before choose the best prototype. Also, our sales team provides online services to resolve your confusion, feel free to contact us.

Q:This is my first time buying your machine; I have no ideas about Kahan’s machines quality?
A: Each machine is strictly produced based on the standard of ISO9000-2000, ISO14001-2004, GMC global manufacturer and CE certifications. Our products have CE certifications verified by TÜV SÜD, Bureau Veritas and etc. As china high-power laser cutting machine provider, more than 10,000 machines have been sold in the past 10 years. Customer is our first priority. We are confident to tell customers that there is no need to worry about our quality.

Q: When I got this machine, but I don’t know how to use it. What should I do?
A:There are videos and English manual with the machine. If you still have some doubts, we can talk by telephone or email.

Q: If some problems happen to this machine during warranty period, what should I do?
A: We will supply free parts during machine warranty period if machine have some problems. While we also supply free life long after-sales service. If you have any question,just contact us freely.
 

The Four Basic Components of a Screw Shaft

There are 4 basic components of a screw shaft: the Head, the Thread angle, and the Threaded shank. These components determine the length, shape, and quality of a screw. Understanding how these components work together can make purchasing screws easier. This article will cover these important factors and more. Once you know these, you can select the right type of screw for your project. If you need help choosing the correct type of screw, contact a qualified screw dealer.

Thread angle

The angle of a thread on a screw shaft is the difference between the 2 sides of the thread. Threads that are unified have a 60 degree angle. Screws have 2 parts: a major diameter, also known as the screw’s outside diameter, and a minor diameter, or the screw’s root diameter. A screw or nut has a major diameter and a minor diameter. Each has its own angle, but they all have 1 thing in common – the angle of thread is measured perpendicularly to the screw’s axis.
The pitch of a screw depends on the helix angle of the thread. In a single-start screw, the lead is equal to the pitch, and the thread angle of a multiple-start screw is based on the number of starts. Alternatively, you can use a square-threaded screw. Its square thread minimizes the contact surface between the nut and the screw, which improves efficiency and performance. A square thread requires fewer motors to transfer the same load, making it a good choice for heavy-duty applications.
A screw thread has 4 components. First, there is the pitch. This is the distance between the top and bottom surface of a nut. This is the distance the thread travels in a full revolution of the screw. Next, there is the pitch surface, which is the imaginary cylinder formed by the average of the crest and root height of each tooth. Next, there is the pitch angle, which is the angle between the pitch surface and the gear axis.
screwshaft

Head

There are 3 types of head for screws: flat, round, and hexagonal. They are used in industrial applications and have a flat outer face and a conical interior. Some varieties have a tamper-resistant pin in the head. These are usually used in the fabrication of bicycle parts. Some are lightweight, and can be easily carried from 1 place to another. This article will explain what each type of head is used for, and how to choose the right 1 for your screw.
The major diameter is the largest diameter of the thread. This is the distance between the crest and the root of the thread. The minor diameter is the smaller diameter and is the distance between the major and minor diameters. The minor diameter is half the major diameter. The major diameter is the upper surface of the thread. The minor diameter corresponds to the lower extreme of the thread. The thread angle is proportional to the distance between the major and minor diameters.
Lead screws are a more affordable option. They are easier to manufacture and less expensive than ball screws. They are also more efficient in vertical applications and low-speed operations. Some types of lead screws are also self-locking, and have a high coefficient of friction. Lead screws also have fewer parts. These types of screw shafts are available in various sizes and shapes. If you’re wondering which type of head of screw shaft to buy, this article is for you.

Threaded shank

Wood screws are made up of 2 parts: the head and the shank. The shank is not threaded all the way up. It is only partially threaded and contains the drive. This makes them less likely to overheat. Heads on wood screws include Oval, Round, Hex, Modified Truss, and Flat. Some of these are considered the “top” of the screw.
Screws come in many sizes and thread pitches. An M8 screw has a 1.25-mm thread pitch. The pitch indicates the distance between 2 identical threads. A pitch of 1 is greater than the other. The other is smaller and coarse. In most cases, the pitch of a screw is indicated by the letter M followed by the diameter in millimetres. Unless otherwise stated, the pitch of a screw is greater than its diameter.
Generally, the shank diameter is smaller than the head diameter. A nut with a drilled shank is commonly used. Moreover, a cotter pin nut is similar to a castle nut. Internal threads are usually created using a special tap for very hard metals. This tap must be followed by a regular tap. Slotted machine screws are usually sold packaged with nuts. Lastly, studs are often used in automotive and machine applications.
In general, screws with a metric thread are more difficult to install and remove. Fortunately, there are many different types of screw threads, which make replacing screws a breeze. In addition to these different sizes, many of these screws have safety wire holes to keep them from falling. These are just some of the differences between threaded screw and non-threaded. There are many different types of screw threads, and choosing the right 1 will depend on your needs and your budget.
screwshaft

Point

There are 3 types of screw heads with points: cone, oval, and half-dog. Each point is designed for a particular application, which determines its shape and tip. For screw applications, cone, oval, and half-dog points are common. Full dog points are not common, and they are available in a limited number of sizes and lengths. According to ASTM standards, point penetration contributes as much as 15% of the total holding power of the screw, but a cone-shaped point may be more preferred in some circumstances.
There are several types of set screws, each with its own advantage. Flat-head screws reduce indentation and frequent adjustment. Dog-point screws help maintain a secure grip by securing the collar to the screw shaft. Cup-point set screws, on the other hand, provide a slip-resistant connection. The diameter of a cup-point screw is usually half of its shaft diameter. If the screw is too small, it may slack and cause the screw collar to slip.
The UNF series has a larger area for tensile stress than coarse threads and is less prone to stripping. It’s used for external threads, limited engagement, and thinner walls. When using a UNF, always use a standard tap before a specialized tap. For example, a screw with a UNF point is the same size as a type C screw but with a shorter length.

Spacer

A spacer is an insulating material that sits between 2 parts and centers the shaft of a screw or other fastener. Spacers come in different sizes and shapes. Some of them are made of Teflon, which is thin and has a low coefficient of friction. Other materials used for spacers include steel, which is durable and works well in many applications. Plastic spacers are available in various thicknesses, ranging from 4.6 to 8 mm. They’re suitable for mounting gears and other items that require less contact surface.
These devices are used for precision fastening applications and are essential fastener accessories. They create clearance gaps between the 2 joined surfaces or components and enable the screw or bolt to be torqued correctly. Here’s a quick guide to help you choose the right spacer for the job. There are many different spacers available, and you should never be without one. All you need is a little research and common sense. And once you’re satisfied with your purchase, you can make a more informed decision.
A spacer is a component that allows the components to be spaced appropriately along a screw shaft. This tool is used to keep space between 2 objects, such as the spinning wheel and an adjacent metal structure. It also helps ensure that a competition game piece doesn’t rub against an adjacent metal structure. In addition to its common use, spacers can be used in many different situations. The next time you need a spacer, remember to check that the hole in your screw is threaded.
screwshaft

Nut

A nut is a simple device used to secure a screw shaft. The nut is fixed on each end of the screw shaft and rotates along its length. The nut is rotated by a motor, usually a stepper motor, which uses beam coupling to accommodate misalignments in the high-speed movement of the screw. Nuts are used to secure screw shafts to machined parts, and also to mount bearings on adapter sleeves and withdrawal sleeves.
There are several types of nut for screw shafts. Some have radial anti-backlash properties, which prevent unwanted radial clearances. In addition, they are designed to compensate for thread wear. Several nut styles are available, including anti-backlash radial nuts, which have a spring that pushes down on the nut’s flexible fingers. Axial anti-backlash nuts also provide thread-locking properties.
To install a ball nut, you must first align the tangs of the ball and nut. Then, you must place the adjusting nut on the shaft and tighten it against the spacer and spring washer. Then, you need to lubricate the threads, the ball grooves, and the spring washers. Once you’ve installed the nut, you can now install the ball screw assembly.
A nut for screw shaft can be made with either a ball or a socket. These types differ from hex nuts in that they don’t need end support bearings, and are rigidly mounted at the ends. These screws can also have internal cooling mechanisms to improve rigidity. In this way, they are easier to tension than rotating screws. You can also buy hollow stationary screws for rotator nut assemblies. This type is great for applications requiring high heat and wide temperature changes, but you should be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

China best Ce Certificate DSP Control Wood CNC Router Machine Woodworking Cutting Customized   with Great qualityChina best Ce Certificate DSP Control Wood CNC Router Machine Woodworking Cutting Customized   with Great quality